SHAFR 2007 Annual Meeting

Marriott Westfields, Chantilly, Virginia (June 21-23, 2007)

The web-site for the 2007 meeting has been deactivated but is being preserved here for archival purposes.

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Conference Program

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Plenary Papers

Beloved Colleagues:

On behalf of the Program Committee (Clea Bunch, Dave Engerman, and Katie Sibley), we, the Co-Chairs of the 2007 Program Committee, warmly invite you to attend the conference this June.

This year, SHAFR breaks its thirty-two year tradition of holding its annual meeting at a university.  Instead, the 2007 meeting will take place at the Westfields Marriott Conference Center in Chantilly, Virginia.  All conference events will take place in the Westfields hotel.  You can find all the relevant information on registration, lodging, and transportation on this website.

The Program Committee expects to have a splendid conference.  Because we had an overwhelming number of submissions of panels and papers, the Committee increased the number of sessions to 54 from our usual 48.  The Committee proudly notes that approximately 60 of this year’s participants reside outside the United States.  This befits the increasing international nature of our membership and profession. 

The conference opens with a luncheon beginning at 11:30 a.m. on Thursday, 21 June.  Our concluding panels will be from 4-6 p.m. on Saturday, 23 June.

Friday and Saturday nights are free for excursions into Washington.  Many of us intend to take in a baseball game (Washington Nationals).

The Program Committee recommends all 54 of the sessions.  But there a few sessions the Committee would like to highlight.

  • General Michael V. Hayden (USAF), the Director of the CIA, will be the speaker at our opening luncheon at 11:30 a.m. on Thursday, 21 June.
  • A plenary session, “Domestic Politics Roundtable,” will take place on Thursday evening from 7-9 p.m. Plans are for Mary Dudziak and Julian Zelizer to post their papers on this website before the conference.
  • Susan Ferber of Oxford University Press will chair a Roundtable, “Diplomatically Speaking: How Historians of American Foreign Relations Communicate with the American Public,” on Friday morning (9-11), 22 June.  Expected to participate are: Warren Bass (Washington Post), Ralph Begleiter (CNN), Kai Bird (The Nation), Tim Naftali (Nixon Library), and Gideon Rose (Foreign Affairs).
  • Anna K. Nelson will deliver a talk, “The Pleasure (and Pain) of Writing about Powerful Women in Foreign Affairs,” at the Women Historians in SHAFR Breakfast.  The breakfast begins at 7:30 a.m. on Saturday, 23 June.
  • On Saturday morning (9-11), 23 June, a plethora of Kissinger scholars will give their thoughts and answers on the provocative question posed at the Roundtable, “Henry Kissinger: Cold War Villain, International War Criminal, or Conventional Cold War Statesman?”
  • Our president, Rich Immerman, will deliver his presidential address, “Intelligence and Strategy: Historicizing Psychology, Policy, & Politics,” at the luncheon on Saturday, 23 June.

Finally, the Co-Chairs, who have attended most SHAFR Conferences and availed themselves of the pleasures of staying in the various university residences are hard at work on their presentation, “Dorm Rooms, Cafeterias, and Low-Rent Hotels We Have Known.”


Steve Rabe
Doug Little


Please note: Requests for refunds of registration and/or meal fees paid to SHAFR, must be received by Sara Wilson at [email protected] by Friday, June 8th

On-line registration is no longer available. Conference participants should plan to pay with cash or check (no credit cards accepted) when they arrive on site.

Standard: $85 ($100 after June 1st)

Student: $25 ($40 after June 1st)

Thur., June 21, Luncheon, 11:30 PM – 1:30 PM: $26 (standard) $13 (students)

Speaker: General Michael V. Hayden, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Standard Rate ($26):

Student Rate ($13):


Sat., June 23, Women Historians in SHAFR Breakfast, 7:45 AM -9:00 AM: $12 (standard) $6 (students)
Speaker: Anna K. Nelson, American University
“The Pleasure (and Pain) of Writing About Powerful Women in Foreign Affairs”

Standard Rate ($12):

Student Rate ($6):

Sat., June 23, Luncheon, 11:30 PM - 1:30 PM: This Event is Sold Out
Speaker: Richard H. Immerman, Temple University & SHAFR President
“Intelligence and Strategy: Historicizing Psychology, Policy & Politics”

Conference Program

To print the conference program click here

Registration: 9:00am – 5:00pm (Conference Lobby)
Book Exhibit: 9:00am – 5:00pm (Promenade)
Refreshments: 4:00pm – 4:30pm & 6:30pm – 7:00pm (Rotunda)

SHAFR Council Meeting: 8:00am – 11:30am (Franklin Room)

Luncheon: 11:30am – 1:30pm
(Washingtonian II & III. Pre-registration required.)

Speaker: General Michael V. Hayden, USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

SESSION I (2:00pm – 4:00pm)

PANEL 1: The Foundations of Middle East Conflict and Cooperation:
New Interpretations of the 1967 War

Chair: Salim Yaqub, University of California at Santa Barbara

Attack at Samu: A New Perspective on Hussein's Reconciliation with Nasser
Clea Lutz Bunch, University of Arkansas at Little Rock

US-Israeli Strategic Relations, 1964-1967
Zach Levey, University of Haifa

Tactics of Peace: Reason and Caprice behind Nasser's Post-war Policies
Noa Schonmann, University of Oxford

Commentator: Salim Yaqub

PANEL 2: Let the Games Begin: Politics and Culture in the Cold War

Chair: Christian G. Appy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

The Maltz Affair Revisited: How the American Communist Party Relinquished its Cultural Authority at the Dawn of the Cold War
John Sbardellati, University of California, Santa Barbara

Lightning Joe Collins and the Role of the Postwar Foreign Service
Jessica M. Chapman, University of California, Santa Barbara

Raising the Stakes: Poker, Chess and Richard Nixon's Madman Theory Reconsidered
Andrew L. Johns, Brigham Young University

Commentator: Mark P. Bradley, Northwestern University

PANEL 3: Salvador Allende & the Chilean Coup of 1973

Chair: Christopher Jespersen, North Georgia State College and University

A Tradition of Modernization: The Alliance for Progress & the Culture of Social Rationalization in the U.S. Government & in Chile, 1961-1973
Gert Boel, Ghent University

A Different 9/11: Cuba and the Chilean Coup of 1973
Tanya Harmer, London School of Economics

Nixon, Kissinger, and Allende: Study of U.S. Involvement in the 1973 Coup in Chile
Lubna Qureshi, University of California, Berkeley

Commentator: Michael Sullivan, Drexel University

PANEL 4: Re-Examining the Anglo- American Relationship in the Twenty-First Century

Chair: Fraser Harbutt, Emory University

The Iron Lady and the Cowboy: Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan, and the Special Relationship at High Tide
Nathan Vigil, Emory University

"We're in this Together": A Reassessment of the Relationship between the Presidents of the United States and the Prime Minister of Great Britain
Phyllis Soybel, College of Lake Country

Commentator: Fraser Harbutt

PANEL 5: The Carter Administration's Foreign Policies-Human Rights

Chair: Dave Schmitz, Whitman College

Taking the High Road to Failure: Carter's Human Rights Agenda in East-West Relations
Werner Lippert, Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Moral Necessities and National Interest: Rethinking U.S.-Latin American Relations in a Human Rights Era
Vanessa Walker, University of Wisconsin Madison

The "Loss" of Iran: Carter's Return to Realpolitik
Barbara Zanchetta,University of Florence, Italy and Tampere University, Finland

Commentator: Scott Kaufman, Francis Marion University

PANEL 6: Limited Influence: American Efforts to Shape China, 1920-1951

Chair: Eric Patterson, Vanguard University of Southern California

The End of an American Enterprise in China: The Harvard-Yenching Institute as a Case Study
Shuhua Fan, Marshall University

Americans and Chiang Kai-shek: Origins of a Special Relationship
Michael Wilson, Vanguard University of Southern California

American and Chinese Liberalism in the Pacific War
Matthew Yates, The Ohio State University

Commentators: Charles Hayford, Northwestern University & Li Li, Salem State College

PANEL 7: Do Individuals Really Matter? A Roundtable Discussion of the Force of Personality within Diplomatic History

Chair: Mark Moyar, U.S. Marine Corps University

Two Biographies: Harry Truman and Dean Acheson
Robert L. Beisner, American University

Bush in China: How Foreign Service Changed George H.W. Bush's Presidency
Jeffrey A. Engel, Bush School, Texas A & M University

Robert Bowie--Analyst and Academic
Philip Gibbon, Temple University

Puppet, Despot, Sage: Using Biography to Reassess Ngo Dinh Diem and US Relations with the First Republic of Vietnam, 1954-1963
Edward Miller, Dartmouth College

Warmongers and Peacemakers: New Biography and Informal Diplomacy
Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, The Ohio State University

SESSION II (4:30pm - 6:30pm)

PANEL 8: Conflict, Competition, and Cooperation: Anglo-American Relations and the Middle East, 1944-64

Chair: Andrew Priest, University of Wales

Ambassadors Abroad-British and American Ambassadors/Ministers in Saudi Arabia, 1943-1944
Matthew Hinds, London School of Economics

Sterling, Middle East Oil, and Anglo-American Conflict, 1944-1956
Steven Galpern, U.S. Department of State

Complementary Goals, Conflicting Priorities?: Anglo-American Relations, Southwestern Arabia, and the Harib Incident, 1963-64
Alexander Wieland, U.S. Department of State

Commentator: Michael Hopkins, Liverpool Hope University

PANEL 9: US-China Rapprochement and Normalization: Chinese Policies and Japanese Reaction

Chair: Ron Lilly, Northern Virginia Community College

Radicalization or Realism?--Assessing China's Japan Policy and its Impacts on the Sino-US Normalization and the US-Japan Security Alliance from the Late 1960s to the 1970s
Tao Peng, Minnesota State University, Mankato

Myth or Reality: China's Elite Politics and U.S.-China Relations, March 1973-December 1975
Yafeng Xia, Long Island University

"Shock" or Catalysis: Japan's Reactions to US-China Rapprochement
Midori Yoshii, Albion College

Commentator: Gregg A. Brazinsky, George Washington University

PANEL 10: Culture and Gender in the Reagan Era

Chair: Walter Hixson, University of Akron

Three Anime Classics Interpret Japan’s Role in the Pacific War and Beyond
William Ashbaugh, SUNY Oneonta

"Surely Vietnam Veterans were Men": Public Policy and Masculinity in Reagan's America
Charlotte Cahill, Northwestern University

Lost in Translation?: Anime as Global Culture in Reagan's America, 1977-1989
Andrew McKevitt, Temple University

Commentator: Naoko Shibusawa, Brown University

PANEL 11: Digital Resources for Cold War History

Chair: Jennifer Walton, Granite State College

The Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) Goes Digital: The Office of the Historian's Online "E-Volume" as a Resource for Diplomatic History
Carl Ashley, U.S. Department of State

Soviet Society and the Cold War: The Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives
Steven Barnes, George Mason University

The End of the Cold War: Making the History of 1989
Matt Romaniello, George Mason University

Commentator: Malcolm Byrne, National Security Archive

PANEL 12: Case Studies in Democratization?: The United States and Eastern Europe in the 1980s

Chair: Tom Blanton, National Security Archive

The Western Response to the Democratic Transition in Hungary, 1985-1991
László Borhi, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Blueprint for a Conspiracy: Reevaluating the Sources and Effectiveness of American Support for Solidarity, 1982-1989
Greg Domber, George Washington University

US Foreign Policy and the End of the Division of Germany
Mary Sarotte, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

Commentator: Mark Kramer, Harvard University

PANEL 13: Inside International Trade: Power, Politics, Human Rights and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Chair: Thomas W. Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder

Who Designs?: Great Power Politics and the General Agreement of 1947
Soo Yeon Kim, Princeton University

How European Integration Challenged the GATT, American Leadership, and Liberal Trade, 1947-1968
Francine McKenzie, University of Western Ontario

U.S. Foreign Economic Policy from Truman to Nixon
Kathy Rasmussen, U.S. Department of State

Commentator: Alfred Eckes, Ohio University

PANEL 14: Roundtable: Ghana's Independence: The USA and the Shifting Contours of Black Freedom
Chair: Andy DeRoche, Front Range Community College

Cary Fraser, Pennsylvania State University
Michael Krenn, Appalachian State University
George White, University of Tennessee
Kevin Gaines, University of Michigan


PLENARY SESSION (7:00pm – 9:00pm)

PANEL 15: Domestic Politics Roundtable

Chair: David Engerman, Brandeis University

Making Law, Making War, Making America
Mary Dudziak, USC

When Liberals Were Hawks
Julian Zelizer, Boston University

Commentator: Mark Lawrence, University of Texas/Yale University

Commentator: Robert McMahon, Ohio State University

Reception: 9:00pm – 10:00pm
Please join SHAFR in the Rotunda for a reception immediately following the end of the plenary session. Hors d’ouevres, desserts, beer, wine and other drinks will be served.

FRIDAY, 22 JUNE 2007
Registration: 8:00am - 5:00pm (Conference Lobby)
Book Exhibit: 8:00am – 5:00pm (Promenade)
Refreshments: 8:00am – 9:00am & 3:30pm – 4:00pm (Rotunda)

DIPLOMATIC HISTORY Editorial Board Meeting: 7:45am – 9:00am (Franklin Room)

SESSION III (9:00am – 11:00am)

PANEL 16: Diplomatically Speaking: How Historians of American

Foreign Relations Communicate with the American Public
Chair: Susan Ferber, Oxford University Press

Ralph Begleiter, CNN
Tim Naftali, Richard Nixon Presidential Library

PANEL 17: Visioning Development in Asia: American Concepts and Strategies in the Eisenhower Years

Chair: Nicole Sackley, University of Richmond

Modern Reston, Modern India: Redefining the Village in Suburban Virginia and Uttar Pradesh
Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Promoting Systems Compatibility: Regional Approaches v. State Building
Marc Frey, Jacobs University, Bremen

John Foster Dulles and "Development": Close Encounters in Asian Areas
Ronald Pruessen, University of Toronto

Commentator: Nicole Sackley

PANEL 18: Europe Between the Superpowers in the Era of Détente and the Vietnam War, 1968-1973

Chair: Klaus Larres, University of Ulster

Swedish Vietnam Criticism Reconsidered: Social Democratic Vietnam Policy As a Swedish Version of Ostpolitik
Carl-Gustaf Scott, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Prague, Berlin and London: British Policies on Détente, Ostpolitik and Berlin Quadripartite Negotiations, 1968-69
Ken Nannichi, King's College London

Détente, the Sino-American Opening, and the Vietnam War, 1968-1973: The Polish Perspective
Margaret Gnoinska, George Washington University

France's Peace Diplomacy and Economic Development Program Regarding Vietnam, 1968-1973
Yuko Torikata, Osaka University

Commentator: Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin-Madison

PANEL 19: Feminism and Internationalism in World War One: Struggling for Peace and Women's Rights

Chair: Serge Ricard, Sorbonne Nouvelle (University of Paris III)

Women's Activism and Citizen Diplomacy in World War I: The Impact on Woodrow Wilson
David Patterson, Independent Scholar

Mead, Balch, Addams: Feminism, Pragmatism, and the Vicissitudes of Liberal Internationalism
Andrew Johnston, Carleton University

Women's Rights and International Democracy: Woodrow Wilson's Defense of Women's Suffrage in 1918
Claire Delahaye, Sorbonne Nouvelle (University of Paris III)

Italian Feminists and World War I: From Internationalism to Nationalism and Americanism
Daniela Rossini, University of Roma 3

Commentator: Carol Chin, University of Toronto

PANEL 20: Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1970-1981

Chair: Sarah Snyder, Georgetown University

The Nixon Administration, Brazil, and the International Campaign Against Torture
Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne

Shared Values or Opposing Interests?: Human Rights in Transatlantic Relations
Joseph Renouard, Emory University

Commentator: Mark P. Bradley, Northwestern University

PANEL 21: The State Department and Intelligence Authority in World War II

Chair: Thomas Boghardt, International Spy Museum

Is Counterintelligence an Affair of State or Justice?: The Bureaucratic Struggle over Responsibility in Two Wars
Raymond J. Batvinis, FBI

The State Department, the FCC, and the Latin American D/F Program during the Second World War
Larry A. Valero, Air Command and Staff College

The FBI, State Department and Intelligence in the Western Hemisphere
John F. Fox, Jr., FBI

Commentator: Katie Sibley, St. Joseph's University


Lunch Break: 11:30am - 1:30pm


SESSION IV (1:30pm - 3:30pm)

PANEL 22: New Perspectives on Early Globalization

Chair: Edward Crapol, College of William and Mary

Asiatic Cholera and Peruvian Bark: American Physicians and the World, 1800-1840
Elizabeth Kelly Gray, Towson University

Globalization and Extraterritoriality in American Foreign Relations from American Banana to Alcoa
Daniel Margolies, Virginia Wesleyan College

Applauding the Opium War: John Quincy Adams and Britain's Global War vs. Slavery
Heath Mitton, St. Lawrence University

Commentator: Joseph Fry, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

PANEL 23: Returning Diplomatic Historians to H-Diplo: A Roundtable

Chair: Thomas W. Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder

Christopher Ball, Iowa State University
George Fujii,University of California, Santa Barbara
David Kaiser, Williams College
William Keylor, Boston University
Diane Labrosse, Concordia University
Sally Marks, Independent Scholar
Thomas Nichols, U.S. Naval War College
Chester Pach, Ohio University

PANEL 24: Communication and US-Japan Relations During the 1940s

Chair: Ronald Spector, George Washington University

Solving the Enigma of Japan's Delayed Final Note at the Start of the Pacific War
Takeo Iguchi, Shobi University

Preventative War and Diplomatic Communication
David Nickles, U.S. Department of State

Senator Elbert Thomas and U.S.-Japan Relations, 1941-1948
Haruo Iguchi, Nagoya University

Ambassdor Joseph Grew and U.S.-Japan Relations, 1937-1941
David Mayers, Boston University

Commentator: Ronald Spector

PANEL 25: Crisis Management of Management Crisis?: U.S.-Latin America Relations During the Kennedy Years

Chair: Stephen Rabe, University of Texas at Dallas

The Chastening of a Cold Warrior: John Kennedy and Political Extremism in Latin America
Jeffrey Bass, Quinnipiac University

Kennedy's Fiasco: U.S. Domestic Politics and the Bay of Pigs
Steven George, Ohio University

The Limits of Hegemony: The Kennedy Administration and the Argentine Coup of 1962
Dustin Walcher, Ohio State University

Omnipotence and Impotence: The Kennedy Administration's Response to the 1962 Peruvian Coup
Michael Neagle, University of Connecticut

Commentator: Stephen Rabe

PANEL 26: Minds at War: Expertise and the National Security State, 1945-68

Chair: Michael Latham, Fordham University

Cold War Casualty: Politics and Scholarship at the Institute of Pacific Relations
Michael Anderson, University of Texas at Austin

Activism of Appeasement?: Linus Pauling, Edward Teller, and the Battle for Cold War Science
Paul Rubinson, University of Texas at Austin

Social Research in the Pentagon: Project Camelot and the Scientific Management of American Foreign Affairs
Joy Rohde, University of Pennsylvania

Vietnam: The American Turn Toward Peace
Lori Helene Gronich, Georgetown University

Commentator: Michael Latham

PANEL 27: NATO and the Gaullist Challenge in the 1960s: Anglo
Saxon Responses and Institutional Strategies

Chair: Frank Costigliola, University of Connecticut

The French Withdrawal of NATO: An Inevitable Crisis?
Garret Martin, Warwick University

A Welcome Relief?: French Withdrawal from NATO, the Gaullist Challenge and Ango-American Responses
James Ellison, Queen Mary, University of London

The Bilderberg Group and the Gaullist Challenge to NATO
Thomas W. Gijswijt, Heidelberg Center for American Studies

Commentator: William Hitchcock, Temple University

PANEL 28: The Politics of Foreign Aid: Domestic and International Considerations

Chair: Kristin Ahlberg, Department of State

“A Crumbling Bastion”: Economic Development, Nation Building and the Politics of Foreign Aid in Southern Vietnam, 1958-1960
James Carter, Texas A & M-Corpus Christi

“One of the Most Vexing Problems of American Foreign Policy”: The Senate Foreign Relations Committee's Considerations of the Foreign Aid Program
Erin Black, University of Toronto

The United States and Coordination of Aid Policies in the Development Assistance Committee, 1961-1965
Sara Lorenzini, University of Trento

“A Corrupting Influence”: Foreign Aid and Foreign Policy in U.S.-Guinean Relations, 1966
Mairi MacDonald, University of Toronto

Commentator: Kristin Ahlberg


SESSION V (4:00pm – 6:00pm)

PANEL 29: Kennedy & Nuclear Weapons

Chair: Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University

"We did not trade Cuban Missiles for Turkish missiles": President Kennedy, the Senate, and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Steven Cronin, Mississippi State University

JFK's Israel Problem: US Nuclear Concerns with Israel in the Early 1960s
Eliza Matthews, University of Queensland

Kennedy, McNamara, and the Foundations of the Rationale Against Missile Defense, 1961-1964
Joseph Constance, Saint Anselm's College

Commentator: Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University

PANEL 30: The (Mis)Uses of History: The Philippines, Korea, Vietnam, Iraq

Chair: Robert Schulzinger, University of Colorado, Boulder

Will History Remember Iraq? Forgotten Memories from the Philippine-American War
Jon Krohn, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire

Presidents Truman and Bush and the Perils of Regime Change
Arnie Offner, Lafayette College

Which Vietnam Analogy?: Contested Memories of Vietnam and Political Rhetoric about Iraq
Marianna Sullivan, College of New Jersey

Commentator: David Anderson, California State University, Monterey Bay

PANEL 31: The US National Security Adviser and the Cold War

World: Bundy, Rostow, Kissinger, Brzezinski and the Making of US Foreign Policy

Chair: Mark Kramer, Harvard University

Dean of the World: McGeorge Bundy and Kennedy's Foreign Policy, 1961-63
Christian Nuenlist, ETH Zurich

America's Rasputin: Walt Rostow and the Vietnam War
David Milne, Nottingham University

Henry Kissinger and European-American Relations
Klaus Larres, University of Ulster

Reflections on Zbigniew Brzezinski's Role during the Carter Years
William Odom, Hudson Institute and Yale University

Commentator: William Burr, National Security Archive/George Washington University

PANEL 32: Roundtable: The United States, Japan and South Korea Security Relations, Past and Future

Chair: William Stueck, University of Georgia

Gregg A. Brazinsky, George Washington University
Michael W. Chinworth, Center for U.S.-Japan Studies and Cooperation, Vanderbuilt University
Seung Young Kim, University of Aberdeen
Narushige Michishita, National Institute for Defense Studies, Japan
Yasuyo Sakata, Kanda University of International Studies (Japan)
Robert Wampler, National Security Archive
Taeyoung Yoon, Yonsei University

PANEL 33: Resources and Tools for Teaching the History of U.S.
Foreign Relations: Introducing the Center for History and New Media (CHNM)

Chair: Mark Gilderhus, Texas Christian University

Introducing the Center for History and New Media (CHNM)

Roy Rosenzweig, Director, CHNM, George Mason University
Thomas Scheinfeldt, Assistant Director, CHNM, George Mason University
Sharon Leon, Associate Director of Educational Projects, CHNM,
George Mason University


Carol Adams, Ottawa University
Catherine Forslund, Rockford College
Matthew Loayza, Minnesota State University, Mankato
Robert Shaffer, Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania

PANEL 34: Southern Africa in the Cold War: Great Power Interventions and Local Reactions

Chair: Cary Fraser, Pennsylvania State University

White Rhodesia and the Cold War
Donal Lowry, Oxford Brookes University

South Africa and the Cold War: The Year of 1976
Sue Onslow, London School of Economics

The US Government and South African Nuclear Capability, 1949-1995
Martha Van Wyk, University of Johannesburg

Commentator: Cary Fraser, Pennsylvania State University

PANEL 35: Sport and American Foreign Relations, 1949-1972

Chair: Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Denazification, Democratization, and the Cold War: The State Department's Manipulation of the German Olympic Committee
Heather Dichter, University of Toronto

American Sport Policy and the Cultural Cold War: The Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Years
Thomas M. Hunt, University of Texas, Austin

"Real Friends": Constructing Soviet-American Friendship Through Olympic Ice Hockey
John Soares, University of Notre Dame

Commentator: Jeremi Suri

Registration: 9:00am - 5:00pm (Conference Lobby)
Book Exhibit: 9:00am – 5:00pm (Promenade)
Refreshments: 8:00am – 9:00am & 3:30pm – 4:00pm (Rotunda)


Women Historians in SHAFR Breakfast: 7:45am – 9:00am
(Pre-registration required. Grand Dominion V)

The Pleasure (and Pain) of Writing About Powerful Women in Foreign Affairs
Anna K. Nelson, American University


SESSION VI (9:00am – 11:00am)

PANEL 36: Henry Kissinger: Cold War Villain, International War Criminal, or Conventional Cold War Statesman?

Chair: Keith Olson, University of Maryland

Jussi Hanhimaki, Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva
John Prados, National Security Archive
Priscilla Roberts, University of Hong Kong
Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin-Madison
James Hershberg, George Washington University
Noam Kochavi, Hebrew University

PANEL 37: A Necessary Reinterpretation of Presidential Power and Policy Making: The Secret Tapes of Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon

Chair: Brian Etheridge, Louisiana Tech. University

“We Will Not Pull Out of Vietnam Until the War is Won”: A Comparative Discussion of the Evolving History of America in Vietnam from the Kennedy and Johnson Tapes
Richard M. Filipink, Western Illinois University

A Fresh Look at Policy-Making in the Nixon White House: Tales from the Nixon Tapes
Luke Nichter, Bowling Green State University

A Cancellation Crisis? The 1972 Easter Offensive & US-Soviet relations.
Rick Moss, George Washington University

Commentator: Ken Hughes, Miller Center, University of Virginia

PANEL 38: Transnational Histories of Indigenous Peoples

Chair: Kenton Clymer, Northern Illinois University

Jihad and Nation-Building in Southeast Asia: United States Colonial Policy in the Southern Philippines, 1898-1946
Omar Hassan Dphrepaulezz, University of Connecticut at Storrs

The Inter-American Indian Institute and the First "Other American"
Sheyda F.A. Jahanbani, Brown University

Mindanao's Muslims
Michael Hawkins, Northern Illinois University

Commentator: Kenton Clymer

PANEL 39: Security Issues in US-Japan Relations

Chair: Roger Dingman, University of Southern California

Prelude to Okinawa: Nuclear Agreements and the Return of the Ogasawara Islands to Japan
Robert D. Eldridge, Osaka University

The Sata Cabinet and the Making of Japan's Non-Nuclear Policy
Ayako Kusunoki, Center for International Security Studies

Presence and Credibility: Homeporting the USS Midway at Yokosuka
Tetsuo Kotani, Ocean Policy Research Foundation

Nicholas Sarantakes, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College

Commentator: Michael Schaller, University of Arizona

PANEL 40: War, Migration, and Citizenship

Chair: Petra Goedde, Temple University

Black Yanks in America's Pacific: Military Service, the National Security State, and Interpersonal Politics, 1945-1953
Michael Green, Northwestern University

"So They'd Disappear": Southeast Asian Refugees, Congressional Resettlement Policy, and the Politics of Race, Citizenship and War
Jessica Johnson, Brown University

The Other Internment: The United States, Latin America, and "Enemy Aliens" during World War II
Stephen Mak, Northwestern University

Commentator: Petra Goedde

PANEL 41: The Interwar Era as a Foretelling of US Pre-Eminence: Establishing American Diplomatic Consensus

Chair: Andrew Johnstone, University of Leicester

Cordell Hull and U.S. Foreign Economic Policy: Building Multilateralism One Trade Deal at a Time
David Woolner, Marist College

The Contest for an American Foreign Policy Vision, 1928-1940
J. Simon Rofe, King's College London

The Idea of a New World Order is No New Idea
Jeremy Kennard, University of Kent at Canterbury

Blockade vs. Bread: Hoover, Britain, and the Conflict Over Humanitarian Aid during the First and Second World Wars
Meredith Hindley, American University

Commentator: Andrew Johnstone, University of Leicester

Luncheon and Presidential Address: (11:30am - 1:30pm)
(Pre-registration required. Grand Dominion V & VI)

Intelligence and Strategy: Historicizing Psychology, Policy, & Politics
Richard H. Immerman, Temple University, SHAFR President


SESSION VII (1:30pm – 3:30pm)

PANEL 42: Race, Violence and Pan Americanism in Latin America: 1920-1945

Chair: Alan McPherson, Howard University

John Peter Williams, the Panamanian Robin Hood: Race Identity, and Crime on the Isthmus, 1918-1923
Michael Donoghue, Marquette University

Pan American Responses to the 1937 Haitian/Dominican Massacre
Chantalle Verna, Florida International University

A View of the Lagoon from Mexico: World War II, Murder, and Race in U.S.-Mexican Relations
Monica Rankin, University of Texas at Dallas

Commentator: James Siekmeier, U.S. Department of State

PANEL 43: Linking Security and Prosperity: Explorations into the Political Economy of NATO

Chair: Lawrence S. Kaplan, Georgetown University

Efficiency versus Nationalism in the Origins of NATO: Collective Balanced Forces Against National Balanced Forces
Victor Gavin, University of Barcelona

“From…the Standpoint of Security”: NATO and the Dollar Gap
Curt Cardwell, Drake University

Social-Democratic Objections to NATO in the Netherlands and the Instrumentality of American Military Aid
David Snyder, Central Michigan University

The U.S. Strategic Materials Program and its Impact on Allied Countries; Stockpiling and Norway 1950-1962
Mats Ingulstad, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Commentator: Lawrence S. Kaplan

PANEL 44: New Frontiers: Great Power Rivalry and Third World Resistance in the 1960s

Chair: Douglas Little, Clark University

A Wind of Change?: Apartheid in the World, 1960-1963
Ryan Irwin, Ohio State University

“A Genuine Departure?”: Robert W. Komer and American Policy Toward the Nonaligned World, 1961-1966
Robert Rakove, University of Virginia

Honor and Dignity: Al-Karamah and the Diplomacy of Resistance, 1968
Paul Chamberlin, Ohio State University

Commentator: Douglas Little

PANEL 45: Diverse Doctrines: New Perspectives on the Nixon Doctrine From Asia to Latin America

Chair: Jeffrey Kimball, Miami University

From Operation Cooperation to Operation Condor: U.S. Narcotics Control and Poppy Eradication in Mexico, 1969-1976
Daniel Weimer, Wheeling Jesuit Unviersity

Be Careful What You Wish For: The Nixon Administration, "Vietnamization," and the Opening of the People's Republic of China, 1969-1972
Chris Tudda, U.S. Department of State

Embracing the New Order at a Distance: The Nixon Administration and Indonesia, 1969-1974
Brad Simpson, UMBC

Commentator: Jeffrey Kimball

PANEL 46: A "Valuable Batch of Brains": Postwar Foreign Policy Intellectuals from the Bureaucracy, the Academy, and the Public Sphere

Chair: XXX

Sumner Welles, William Bullitt, and Leo Pasvolsky: Three Bureaucrats in Search of an Idea
Kenneth Weisbrode, Harvard University

The Hard-Won Relevance of Émigré Realism during the Early Cold War
Eileen G. Rafshoon, Oxford College of Emory University

Shouting at Power: Norman Podhoretz and American Foreign Policy
Nathan D. Abrams, University of Wales-Bangor

Kennan and the War on Terror
Pekka Vahvanen, University of Jyväskylä

Commentator: XXX

PANEL 47: Foreign Policy, the Vietnam War, and the Environment: Chemical Defoliation Across Decades and Borders

Chair: Richard P. Tucker, University of Michigan

The Wild West and the New Frontier: The Kennedy Administration, Vietnam, and Operation Ranch Hand
Evelyn Krache Morris, Georgetown University

Agent Orange & Vietnam
Edwin A. Martini, Western Michigan University

Putting the Present Behind Us: Détente, Disarmamemt and Environmental Warfare in Vietnam
David Zierler, Temple University

Commentator: Andrew Jon Rotter, Colgate University


SESSION VIII (4:00pm – 6:00pm)

PANEL 48: Idealism and the Making of U.S. Cold War Foreign Policy

Chair: Erin Mahan, Office of the Historian, US Department of State

Thomas Finletter and Multilateralism in US Foreign Policy
Andrew Johnstone, University of Leicester

George W. Ball in the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations
Andrew Priest, University of Wales, Aberystwyth

G. Mennen Williams and the Contest to Decide U.S. policy towards Africa, 1961-1966
Carl P. Watts, University of Wisconsin, Whitewater

Commentator: XXXX

PANEL 49: “Space, Place and Latin America": A Roundtable on the Intersection of History and Geography in the Inter-American Relations

Chair: Alan McPherson, Howard University

Latin America in the World
Kyle Longley, Arizona State University

W. Michael Weis, Illinois Wesleyan University

The Caribbean
Jason C. Parker, Texas A & M University

Central America: The Nicaraguan Literacy Campaign of 1980
Andrew J. Kirkendall, Texas A & M University

The Southern Cone
Mark T. Hove, U.S. Department of State

PANEL 50: Questioning Imperial Legacies: The United States and the Philippines, 1898-1950

Chair: Paul Kramer, University of Michigan

Paul V. McNutt and Jewish Refugees to the Philippines, 1938-39
Dean Kotlowski, Salisbury University

Imperialism during Isolationism: Transitions in U.S. Colonial Administration of the Philippines, 1918-1932
Matthew J. Smith, Syracuse University

"Midwives to Development": Social Welfare and the Discourses of Independence in Postwar U.S./Philippine Relations
Colleen Woods, University of Michigan

In and Out of Government: John Barrett, U.S. Statecraft, and International Interlocutors
Chris Vaughan, Santa Clara University

Commentator: Paul Kramer

PANEL 51: Toward A Reaganite Foreign Policy

Chair: Chester Pach, Ohio University

Neo-Conservatives and the Reagan Revolution
Jeff Bloodworth, Newman University

"Evil Empire": The Soul of Reaganite Foreign Policy
Jon R. Peterson, Contemporary History Institute and Ohio University

Cold War Christians in the "Age of Reagan": The Christian Right's View of Foreign Policy, 1980-1992
Daniel K. Williams, University of West Georgia

Combating the Threat of Godless Communism: Religious Broadcasting in the Early Cold War
Timothy Stoneman, MIT

Commentator: Anna Nelson

PANEL 52: Roundtable: Atomic Diplomacy

Chair: William Burr, National Security Archive, George Washington University

Barton J. Bernstein, Stanford University
Richard Frank, Independent Scholar
Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, University of California at Santa Barbara

PANEL 53: Roundtable: A Look Back as the Tet Offensive Turns Forty

Chair: Jeffrey Kimball, Miami University

The Tet Offensive and Hanoi's Revolutionary Strategy
Pierre Asselin, Chaminade University of Honolulu

Soviet Biscuit Factories, Chinese Financial Grants: North Vietnam's Economic Diplomacy During and After the Tet Offensive
Harish Mehta, McMaster University

Saigon in the Aftermath of the Tet Offensive
Lien-Hang Nguyen, University of Kentucky

Tet, Rolling Thunder and the Education of Clark Clifford
Brian Clancy, University of Western Ontario

Commentator: Randall Woods, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

PANEL 54: Woodrow Wilson's World: Sociocultural Issues in Wilsonian Foreign Policy

Chair: Mary Ann Heiss, Kent State University

"Wilson's Mouthpiece?": The New York World and Mexico, 1913-1915
Mark Benbow, The Woodrow Wilson House (formerly)

Insanity, Civilization, and a Hun: Woodrow Wilson's Lens on Kaiser Wilhelm, 1914-1917
Matthew Phillips, Kent State University

An Imagined Axis: Visions of a Japan-Germany Alliance in U.S. and Japanese Political Discourses of the First World War Era
Robert G. Kane, Niagara University

Commentator: Mark Gilderhus, Texas Christian University

Conference Venue

June 1 , 2007

Dear SHAFR Conference Participants:

Our contracted reduced room rate at Westfields Marriott expired yesterday. It is unlikely that any rooms will become available there and, even if they did, the hotel is no longer obligated to offer the reduced rate. That being said, anyone wishing to continue to pursue the possibility of getting a room there should contact Westfields directly at 800-635-5666 or 703-818-0300.

Because Westfields Marriott ran out of available rooms before our reduced rate expired, I was able to get them to offer us a courtesy rate of $99/night at the nearby Dulles Airport Courtyard Chantilly. To reserve a room there, call 800-635-5666 or 703-709-7100 and mention SHAFR. If the reservation clerk fails to offer you the $99 rate, refer them to our Marriott Event Manager, Susan Anderson, at Westfields.

Please note that Courtyard Chantilly is not within walking distance of Westfields. You will need to provide your own transportation to the conference venue at Westfields, where free parking is available.

Conference attendees who have room reservations and might like to split the cost with a roommate, and those without rooms looking for such available space, should consider posting entries on the "Message Board" indicating their interests.

This year, SHAFR breaks its thirty-two year tradition of holding its annual meeting at a university. Instead, the 2007 meeting will take place at the Westfields Marriott Conference Center in Chantilly, Virginia. All conference events will take place in the Westfields hotel. Free parking is available to all conference attendees and the hotel offers free shuttling to and from Dulles International Airport. Rates are $139/night per room for single or double occupancy and $149 per room for triple or quad occupancy. Please use the link below to make your reservation, find out more information about the hotel, and to get directions to Westfields.



Free parking is available to all conference attendees in the Westfields Marriott parking lot. Valet parking is available for a fee.


Arriving by car:
Driving directions and maps can be found at

Arriving by air at Dulles International Airport:
Free shuttle service from Dulles International Airport is provided by Westfields. Advance reservations are required. Shuttle service is provided between 5:30am and 11:00pm daily on the hour and the half hour only. Based on the flight information you provide, the shuttle will be available on the hour and the half-hour (i.e. 10:30, 11:00) closest to your arrival time. The pickup area is curbside 2H outside of baggage claim. There are multiple Marriott Hotels that utilize 2H so guests should ensure that they wait for the Westfields Marriott shuttle. Please call (800) 635-5666 or (703) 818-0300 to make advance shuttle pick up reservations.

For departures from the hotel, please provide departure details to the Front Desk or Bell Desk at least 8 hours prior to your departure time.

Please note that Westfields normally charges a $15 fee for this service, but it is complimentary for SHAFR Conference registrants.

Arriving by train, bus, or by air at either Reagan National or Baltimore Washington International Airport:
Those arriving by commercial transit, but not traveling to Dulles International Airport, may opt to use public transportation to access the SHAFR-sponsored shuttle that will be running from the Vienna Metro Station to the Westfields Marriott (see below). To determine how to reach the Vienna Metro Station from your point of arrival, use the website of the Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority at

SHAFR Shuttle:

SHAFR will provide a shuttle bus between the Vienna Metro Station and Westfields during the afternoon/evening of Wednesday, June 20; all day on Thursday, June 21-Saturday, June 23; and during the morning of Sunday, June 24. Please click here for the full shuttle schedule.

Contact Information

For questions or comments please contact Sara Wilson at [email protected]

Book Exhibit and Advertisers


The following organizations have already reserved exhibit space at this year’s conference:

Blackwell Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Cornell University Press
Duke University Press
German Historical Institute
Kent State Press
Oxford University Press
Potomac Books
Routledge Journals (Taylor & Francis Group)
Rowman & Littlefield
University of North Carolina Press
University of Washington Press

Anyone wishing to display materials at the conference must purchase an exhibit table. Space is limited and will be allocated on a first come, first served basis. If your organization wants to make a reservation, please download and mail in this form:



The printed version of the conference program is in production and will be mailed to SHAFR members in March. The following have purchased advertising space in the program:

Cornell University Press
German Historical Institute
Harvard University Press
Journal of Military History
University Press of Kansas
Kent State University Press
University Press of Kentucky
University of North Carolina Press
Oxford University Press
Potomac Books

Plenary Papers

Making Law, Making War, Making America
Mary Dudziak, USC

When Liberals Were Hawks
Julian Zelizer, Boston University