SHAFR 2010 Annual Meeting

Thursday, June 24, 2010 - 12:00pm to Saturday, June 26, 2010 - 12:00pm

This webpage has been deactivated but is being preserved for archival purposes.

Conference Program:


[This copy does not include late revisions made at and prior to the conference]



SHAFR Council Meeting: 8:00AM – 12:45PM (Room 313)

Registration & Book Exhibit: 10:00AM – 5:00PM (Lee Lounge)

Teaching Committee Meeting: 11:00AM – 1:00PM (Room 111)

Session I: 1:00PM – 3:00PM

Panel 1: American Perceptions and Policy in the Islamic World (Room 213)

Chair: Salim Yaqub, University of California-Santa Barbara

Harems, Hoochie-Koochie Dancers and Terrible Turks: Race and Orientalism in the Public Debate over an American Mandate in Turkey

Michael Limberg, University of Colorado-Boulder


A Tool of the Russians: Race and the Eisenhower Administration’s Introduction to Gamal Abdel Nasser, 1953-1956

Rian Bobal, Texas A&M University


Islam and US: The United States Responds to Political Islam, 1960-2010

Matthew Jacobs, University of Florida


The American Right’s Response to Middle East Crises, 1979-1981

Jay Logan Rogers, University of California-Davis

Comment: Salim Yaqub


Panel 2: Roundtable: Gender and Sexuality in American Foreign Relations (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Moderator: Katie Sibley, St. Joseph’s University

Sex and the City: Pamela Churchill, Wartime London, and the Making of the Special Relationship

Frank Costigliola, University of Connecticut


The Lavender Scare and Empire: Rethinking Cold War Antigay Politics

Naoko Shibusawa, Brown University


Haunted by Mata Hari: Espionage, Sexuality, and Gender Anxieties of the Early Cold War

Veronica Wilson, University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown

Laura McEnaney, Whittier College

Robert Dean, Eastern Washington University


Panel 3: American Nation Building in Comparative Perspective (Room 235)

Chair: Lloyd Ambrosius, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Postwar Nation-Building: U.S. Policy in Germany and the Lessons for the Twenty-first Century

Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin-Madison


Nation-Building for Dummies: The Lessons of the Occupation of Japan

Marc Gallicchio, Villanova University


Nation Building in South Korea in a Comparative Perspective

Gregg Brazinsky, George Washington University


Arrested Development: Community Development and Nation Building in the Republic of Vietnam during the Eisenhower and Kennedy Years

Geoffrey Stewart, University of Western Ontario

Comment: Klaus Schwabe, University of Technology at Aachen, emeritus


Panel 4: Roundtable: Using Digitized Documents in Teaching: The University of Wisconsin’s Foreign Relations of the United States Series (Room 335)

Sponsored by the SHAFR Teaching Committee

Chair: Mark A. Stoler, University of Vermont


Creating, Developing and Improving the Digital FRUS at the University of Wisconsin

Vicki Tobias, University of Wisconsin Libraries


Using the Digital FRUS in Teaching the History of U.S. Foreign Relations

Brian Clancy, University of Western Ontario

Robert Morrison, University of Colorado, Boulder

Nicole Phelps, University of Vermont

Richard Hume Werking, U.S. Naval Academy

Comment: the audience and panel


Panel 5: Race and the International System during the Cold War (Room 309)

Chair: Thomas Borstelmann, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Race, Labor and Security in the Panama Canal Zone: The 1946 Greaves Rape Case, Local 713, and the Isthmian Cold War Crackdown

Michael Donoghue, Marquette University


Crimes against Humanity in the Congo: Nazi Legacies and the German Cold War in Africa

Katrina Hagen, Harvard University


For a Better Guinea! Winning Hearts and Minds in Portuguese Guinea

Luís Nuno Rodrigues, ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute

Comment: Daniel Byrne, University of Evansville


Panel 6: American Conservatism and the Politics of the Cold War (Room 226)

Chair: Campbell Craig, University of Southampton

Supporting the “World’s Most Self-Deluded Observers”: Understanding the Evolution of the Conservative Movement’s Early Vietnam Positions

Seth Offenbach, State University of New York, Stony Brook


Peace through Profit: The Military-Industrial Complex, Grassroots Conservatism, and the Fall of Détente

Michael Brenes, Graduate Center, City University of New York


An Unexamined Connection: The Profound Relationship between Religion, Capitalism and Anti-Communism in the Mid-Twentieth Century American Right

James McKay, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Comment: Campbell Craig


Panel 7: Challenges to Partnerships in the 1960s (Room 220)

Chair: Thomas A. Schwartz, Vanderbilt University

Nature and Nurture: The Effort to Forge a U.S.-India Strategic Partnership, 1963-1965

Tanvi Madan, University of Texas at Austin


NATO’s Nuclear Fear: Confronting the New Nuclear Reality in the 1960s

Mark Rice, Ohio State University


The Dragon, the Eagle and the Rooster: The Effect of French Recognition of China on American Diplomacy

Katherine Klinefelter, University of Colorado at Boulder

Comment: Thomas A. Schwartz


Panel 8: Twisting the Lion’s Tail? Peace Factors in Anglo-American Relations, 1853-1862 (Room 205)

Chair: Robert E. May, Purdue University

The United States and the Crimean War: The International Context of a Global War

Niels Eichhorn, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville


William Walker’s Filibuster: Anglo-American Relations in Nicaragua

Jon Flashnick, Arizona State University


Confederate Misery: Egyptian Cotton, Manchester Cotton Interests, and Confederate Hopes for British Recognition, 1861-1862

Shawn McAvoy, Arizona State University

Comment: Robert E. May


Panel 9: Burmese and American Interactions in the 19th and 20th Centuries (Room 217)

Chair: Robert McMahon, Ohio State University

“Indians” of the East and West: Early 19th Century Missionary Intelligence and the Civilizing Mission in Burma and America

William Womack, Samford University


The Trial for High Treason of the “Burma Surgeon,” Gordon S. Seagrave

Kenton Clymer, Northern Illinois University


Reminiscences of the 1988 Uprising in Burma and of the U.S. Policy Response

Ambassador Burton Levin, Carleton College; U.S. Ambassador to Burma, 1987-1990

Comment: Robert McMahon


BREAK: 3:00PM – 3:30PM

Refreshments served in the Lee Lounge


Session II: 3:30PM – 5:30 PM

Panel 10: Beyond “Chaps and Maps”: A Roundtable on Publishing International History (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Chair: Mark Atwood Lawrence, University of Texas at Austin

Mark Philip Bradley, University of Chicago, series editor, Cornell University Press

Susan Ferber, Oxford University Press

Charles Grench, University of North Carolina Press

Kathleen McDermott, Harvard University Press

Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin, series editor, Princeton University Press

Comment: the audience


Panel 11: Soldiers in Revolt: GI Resistance and the Vietnam War (Room 220)

Chair: David B. Cortright, University of Notre Dame

“A Symbol of the Antiwar Movement in the Service”: Drug Use and GI Resistance in Vietnam

Jeremy Kuzmarov, University of Tulsa


Vietnam and the Global GI Underground Press

Derek Seidman, Brown University


American Deserters and International Protest Movements during the Vietnam War

Paul Benedikt Glatz, Freie Universität Berlin, John F. Kennedy Institute, Graduate School of North American Studies

Comment: David B. Cortright


Panel 12: Roundtable: A Mid-Century Crusade: Religious Influences on the Foreign Policies of Roosevelt, Truman and Eisenhower (Room 335)

Chair: Paul Boyer, University of Wisconsin-Madison

William Inboden, The Legatum Institute

Seth Jacobs, Boston College

Andrew Preston, University of Cambridge

Commentators: Wilson Miscamble, University of Notre Dame

Paul Boyer, University of Wisconsin-Madison


Panel 13: Africa, 1960-1980: Foreign Aid, Civil War and the Legacy of the Cold War (Room 213)

Chair: Rob Rakove, Old Dominion University

Kennedy Administration Foreign Aid Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lorella Tosone, University of Perugia


Aid, Arms, and the Biafran War: Israel, Nigeria, and the Secessionists, 1967-1970

Zach Levey, University of Colorado at Boulder


The Past is Another Country: The Rhodesian War and Memory

Sue Onslow, Kings College

Comment: Toby Glyn, Queen Mary, University of London


Panel 14: The Transnational Kissinger (Room 225)

Chair: Thomas A. Schwartz, Vanderbilt University

Kissinger, the Shah, and the Kurds of Iraq, 1972-1975

Roham Alvandi, University of Oxford


Henry Kissinger and the Myth of Ceausescu the Maverick: U.S.-Romanian Relations, 1974-1976

Eliza Gheorghe, Georgetown University


Neo-Metternich Meets Transnational Civil Society: Henry Kissinger, Civil Society Networks, and the Helsinki Final Act, 1972-1977

Kai Hebel, University of Oxford


The Overdose of Anti-Americanism in Turkey: Henry Kissinger, Opium, and the Arms Embargo, 1974-1977

Barin Kayaoglu, University of Virginia

Comment: Thomas A. Schwartz


Panel 15: The Diplomacy of Immigration: Transpacific Case Studies (Room 309)

Chair: Mary Lui, Yale University

Imagining the “Great White Fleet”: Anti-Asian Immigration Restriction, the White New Zealand Policy, and the United States, 1908

David Atkinson, Boston University


Bringing “The Best Type of Chinese” to America: Refugee Migration and U.S. Cold War Outreach in East Asia

Madeline Hsu, University of Texas at Austin


Nation-Building from Home: Reconsidering the McCarran-Walter Act of 1952

Joyce Mao, Middlebury College

Comment: Mary Lui


Panel 16: The U.S. Embassy in London, 1938-2008: 70 Years in Grosvenor Square (Room 217)

Chair: Jeffrey A. Engel, Texas A&M University

Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy, 1938-1940

J. Simon Rofe, University of Leicester

John Hay Whitney, 1957-1961

Tom Mills, Brunel University

Raymond George Hardenbergh Seitz, 1991-1994

Alison Holmes, Yale University

Comment: the audience


Panel 17: Building Interest and Sustaining Support: The Role of Public Opinion in U.S. Foreign Policy during the Early American Republic (Room 205)

Chair: Lelia M. Roeckell, Molloy College


The Mary Carver Affair: How and Why the United States Created an Africa Squadron (and no, it wasn’t to suppress the slave trade)

Amy VanNatter, Bronx Community College, CUNY


“You defend one class, but oppose another”: Re-evaluating the Embargo of 1807

Jordan Stancil, Paris Institute of Political Studies


Opium, Anxiety, and British Power: How American Fears of British Hegemony Led to the First Diplomatic Mission to China

Dael Norwood, Princeton University

Comment: John Belohlavek, University of South Florida


Panel 18: The Revolutionary Moment in the Middle East, 1968-1970 (Room 235)

Chair: Douglas Little, Clark University


Diverging Visions of Détente: The U.S., Israel, and the Pursuit of a Middle Eastern Settlement, 1957-1967

Avshalom Rubin, University of Chicago


Battling the Enemy on all Fronts: The Evolution of the PLO’s Revolutionary Guerilla Strategies

Paul Chamberlin, Williams College


The Libyan Revolution and U.S. Energy Security, 1969-1971

Christopher Dietrich, University of Texas-Austin


A Revolutionary Crisis? The U.S., the PLO and Lebanon, 1967-1970

James Stocker, Graduate Institute of Geneva

Comment: James Goode, Grand Valley State University


Opening Reception sponsored by the Women’s Committee, 5:45PM – 7:00PM (Alumni Lounge)

First time attendees and graduate students are especially invited to come to this informal gathering, where everyone can enjoy refreshments and time to get acquainted.


Plenary Session, 7:00 PM – 9:00PM (Rooms 325 & 326)

William Appleman Williams: The Tragedy of American Diplomacy a Half-Century Later

Chair: Marilyn Young, New York University


Triumph or Tragedy? Reassessing William A. Williams, the “Radical Left,” and American Foreign Policy

Walter Hixson, The University of Akron


Confronting a Revolutionary World: William Appleman Williams and Latin America

Greg Grandin, New York University

Commentators: Lloyd Gardner, Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Walter LaFeber, Cornell University

Thomas McCormick, University of Wisconsin-Madison


FRIDAY, 25 JUNE 2010

Registration & Book Exhibit: 8:00AM – 5:00PM (Lee Lounge)

Refreshments: 7:00AM – 9:00AM (Lee Lounge)

DH Editorial Board Meeting: 7:30AM – 9:00AM (Room 111)

Breakfast Session – Research Opportunities at the National Archives: 7:00AM – 8:45AM (Room 313)

Sponsored by the Diversity Committee

David Langbart, Senior Archivist, National Archives and Record Administration, will provide an overview of how to conduct research in the variety of records related to foreign relations, and devote substantial time to answering questions about research projects.


Session III: 9:00AM – 11:00AM

Panel 19: Cold War Nationalism and the Battle for the Western Hemisphere (Room 335)

Chair: James G. Hershberg, George Washington University


Balancing the Books: The Eisenhower Administration’s Response to Revolutionary Nationalism in Cuba, Bolivia and Guatemala (1953-1958)

Vanni Pettinà, Spanish National Research Council


Kennedy and Cuba: Reflections from Havana on a Difficult Relationship

Carlos Alzugara Treto, University of Havana


“Who Lost Bolivia?” Military-led Development, Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress, and U.S. Efforts to Avoid a Second Cuba, 1962-1963

Thomas Field, London School of Economics and Political Science


Cuban Intervention in British Guiana: The Sugar Workers’ Strike of 1964

Robert Anthony Waters, Jr., Ohio Northern University

Comment: James G. Hershberg


Panel 20: American Jews and Foreign Affairs in the 20th Century (Room 220)

Chair: Michelle Mart, Penn State University, Berks


“Fight for Us!” American Jewish Support for Japan in the Russo-Japanese War, 1904-05

Mina Muraoka, Brandeis University


American Jews and the Challenges of Transnational Philanthropy: The JDC, the ARA, and American Foreign Policy in Eastern Europe, 1919-21

Sonja P. Wentling, Concordia College


New York Jews, City Politics, and Global Values: Constructing a Municipal Diplomacy in the 1950s and early 1960s

Jeffrey Taffet, United States Merchant Marine Academy

Comment: Adam Howard, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State


Panel 21: Roundtable: Federal Historians and the Profession: Programs and Employment Opportunities for Historians of U.S. Foreign Policy and Related Fields (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Moderator: David Herschler, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Richard Stewart, Chief Historian, Army Center for Military History

Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

William (Bill) Williams, Chief, Center for Cryptologic History, National Security Agency

Michael Warner, Chief Historian, Office of the Director for National Intelligence

John Powers, Interagency Security Oversight Office (ISOO)


Panel 22: A Rise to Globalism? Domestic Roots of United States Expansion (Room 309)

Chair: Fredrik Logevall, Cornell University


Inventing the Multinational Corporation: The New Deal and Postwar Capitalism

Jason Scott Smith, University of New Mexico


Translation at Home: Emotions, Memories and the Social Constitution of the “Reality” of the Cold War in the United States, 1946-1950

Masuda Hajimu, Cornell University


Authorizing the American Century: The Mass Politics of Globalism, 1941-1950

James T. Sparrow, University of Chicago

Comment: Brian Balogh, University of Virginia


Panel 23: Conscription and Conscience: Crises of American Citizenship, 1964-1980 (Room 226)

Chair: Robbie Lieberman, Southern Illinois University


God Alone is the Lord of Conscience: Conscientious Objection and American Protestants during the Vietnam War

George A. Bogaski, University of Oklahoma


“I knew I wanted those classes”: Americans in Canadian Universities in the Vietnam War Era

Donald W. Maxwell, Indiana University


Jimmy Carter and the Reinstatement of Draft Registration

Jason Friedman, Michigan State University

Comment: Robbie Lieberman


Panel 24: Transnational Currents in International Waters: Workers, the United States’ Land Borders and Governmental Control of Transborder Migration Patterns, 1920s-1940s (Room 225)

Chair: Richard Wiggers, Royal Military College, Toronto

The Alien Commuter Controversy along the U.S.-Canada Border during the 1920s

Thomas A. Klug, Marygrove College


The Lumberjack Wars: Temporary Workers and the Wartime Canadian-American Border

Angelika Sauer, Texas Lutheran University


El Paso/The Passage: The El Paso Incident and the Politics of Mobility at the U.S.-Mexico Border, 1948

Cristina Salinas, University of Texas-Austin


Looking Back, Looking Forward: Tracing the Vanishing WWII Migrant Contract Worker Programs

Luis F.B. Plascencia, Arizona State University

Comment: Richard Wiggers


Panel 25: Origins of the Non-proliferation Regime in the Cold War (Room 205)

Chair: Sarah-Jane Corke, Dalhousie University


Paving the Way for Arms Control: Eisenhower and the Test-Ban Treaty

Benjamin Greene, United States Naval Academy


The Caution of History: John F. Kennedy, the Test Ban, and the International Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime

Brandon Gauthier, Fordham University


The Design of a Non-Proliferation Treaty: 1966-1968

Dane Swango, University of California Los Angeles

Comment: Richard Filipink, Western Illinois University


Panel 26: The Hidden Hand: Race and the State in the History of U.S. Foreign Relations (Room 213)

Chair: Thomas Borstelmann, University of Nebraska

Alain Locke and Post World War I American Imperial Relations

Robert Vitalis, University of Pennsylvania


Blinded by the White: India and the NAACP’s Alliance to End Racial Oppression in South Africa, 1946-1951

Carol Anderson, Emory University


Color, Colorblindness, and the Dominican Crisis of 1965

Brenda Gayle Plummer, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Comment: Thomas Borstelmann


Panel 27: The Politics of Human Rights: Advocates, Opponents and Skeptics, 1967-1980 (Room 235)

Chair: Laura Belmonte, Oklahoma State University

Anti-Torture Politics: Amnesty International, the Greek Junta, and the Origins of the Human Rights Boom in the United States

Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne


A Dangerous Place? Opposition to Human Rights in the UN

Roland Burke, La Trobe University


Opponents Within: Contested Visions of Human Rights at the U.S. State Department

Vanessa Walker, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Comment: Steve J. Stern, University of Wisconsin, Madison


Luncheon: 11:00AM – 1:00PM

(Alumni Lounge – Pre-registration required)

Empires of the Senses: How Seeing, Hearing, Smelling, Touching and Tasting Shaped Imperial Encounters

Andrew J. Rotter, Colgate University, SHAFR President


Session IV: 1:00PM – 3:00PM


Panel 28: Economic Diplomacy in the Age of New Imperialism: Rethinking Late Nineteenth Century Anglo-American Relations (Room 220)

Chair: Edward P. Crapol, College of William and Mary

Imperialism, Federation, and Unity: The Global Impact of the 1890 McKinley Tariff Upon the British Empire, 1890-1894

Marc-William Palen, University of Texas at Austin


The Pan-American Lobbyist and Anglo-Saxon Empire, 1884-93

Benjamin Coates, Columbia University


The Other Cross of Gold: The United States, Britain, and the Diplomacy of Development, 1888-1893

John Taylor Vurpillat, University of Texas at Austin

Comment: Edward P. Crapol


Panel 29: Roundtable: Expanding Diplo-Universe and the “Born Digital” Revolution: Fundamental Issues of Scope and Documentation Facing International Historians (Room 235)

William McAllister, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Laura Belmonte, Oklahoma State University

Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne


Panel 30: Roundtable: The Vietnam War through East European Eyes: New Evidence from former Communist Archives (Room 335)

Chair: Malcolm Byrne, National Security Archive


Warsaw, Hanoi, and the International Control Commission

Margaret K. Gnionska, George Washington University


“Without a doubt, the situation has been radicalized!” Poland, the International Control Commission and the December 1966 Hanoi Bombing Controversy

James G. Hershberg, George Washington University


“Over the Hills and Far Away”: Romania’s Attempts to Mediate the Start of U.S.-DRV Negotiations, 1967-1968

Mircea Munteanu, George Washington University/Cold War International History Project


East Germany and the Vietnam War

Bernd Schaefer, Cold War International History Project

Comment: David Anderson, California State University, Monterey Bay


Panel 31: U.S. Cultural Diplomacy toward Japan, 1952-1968 (Room 213)

Chair: Kenneth A. Osgood, Florida Atlantic University


Controlling Japan: U.S. Alliance Diplomacy, 1952-54

Tomoki Kuniyoshi, Waseda University


William Faulkner’s 1955 Visit to Japan: A Case of U.S. Cultural Diplomacy

Fumiko Fujita, Tsuda College


Reischauer Offensive: Scholar-Ambassador’s Challenge to Japanese Leftist Historians, 1961-66

Midori Yoshii, Albion College


U. Alexis Johnson and the Return to “Quiet Diplomacy”, 1966-68

Fintan Hoey, Queen’s University, Belfast and University College, Dublin

Comment: Emily Rosenberg, University of California at Irvine


Panel 32: Foreign Affairs: Toward a History of Outsider Diplomacy in 20th Century America (Room 226)

Chair: Adam Howard, Department of State & George Washington University


Raising Pan Americans: Mexican and American Women of the Mesas Redondas Panamericanas de México/The Pan American Round Table

Dina Berger, Loyola University Chicago


“Helping Others to Help Ourselves”: The American Federation of Labor and the Jewish Labor Committee’s Accidental Boycott for Unity

Rachel Feinmark, University of Chicago


Desegregating Military Life: The Wives and Families of Servicemen in Germany after World War II

Emily Swafford, University of Chicago

Ian Fleming and Allen Dulles: Fictions, Facts, and Empires

Jonathan Nashel, Indiana University, South Bend

Comment: Adam Howard


Panel 33: Transborder Resources and Environmental Policy (Room 205)

Chair: Michelle Mart, Penn State University, Berks


Oilmen and Cactus Rustlers: Los Angeles, Mexico, and the Building of a Regional Empire, 1890-1930

Jessica Kim, University of Southern California


Crossing into Zona Prohibida: Transborder History of Americans in Baja California, Mexico

Sara Fingal, Brown University


Creating the St. Lawrence Seaway and Power Project: American-Canadian Environmental Diplomacy, 1949-1954

Daniel MacFarlane, University of Ottawa

Comment: Michelle Mart


Panel 34: The United States and the “Periphery”: American Cold War Foreign Policy in Latin America and the Middle East (Room 309)

Chair: Thomas Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder


Winter in Tehran, Springtime Abroad: American Foreign Policy, Iranian Student Dissent, and the Global Sixties, 1967-1969

Matthew Shannon, Temple University


“Go Line Them Up.” Constructing Empire: The United States in Latin America, 1945-1955

Matthew Jacobs, Ohio University


The Migration of Knowledge: European Orientalists and Developing Perceptions of Islam in the United States during the Cold War

Robert Morrison, University of Colorado at Boulder

Comment: Mary Ann Heiss, Kent State University


Panel 35: Post-Colonial States and Nation Building (Room 225)

Chair: Dirk Bönker, Duke University


“Sovereignty in the service of empire”: Promoting the Independent Republic of Liberia, 1846-1853

Brandon Mills, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


Military Suburbanization: Exploring U.S. Cold War Imperialism in the Marshall Islands

Lauren Hirshberg, University of Michigan


“Africa’s Czechoslovakia”?: Angola, 1975-76

Candace Sobers, University of Toronto


The U.S. and Namibian Independence

Chris Saunders, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Comment: Dirk Bönker


Panel 36: Nonstate Actors and U.S.-Korean Relations (Room 217)

Chair: Stephen Mak, Northwestern University


File—Do Not Respond!: The 1919 Korean Independence Movement

Hannah Kim, University of Delaware-Newark


A War of Inclusion and Exclusion

Christine Knauer, University of Tuebingen, Germany


Underdevelopment of American Studies in South Korea

Jooyoung Lee, Brown University

Comment: Stephen Mak


Panel 37: Migration Histories and U.S. Foreign Policy (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Chair: Donna Gabaccia, University of Minnesota


Gentlemen’s Agreements: Class, Migration and Empire in Trans-Pacific History

Paul Kramer, Vanderbilt University


A Place to Stand: Arab Americans and U.S. Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Salim Yaqub, University of California, Santa Barbara


U.S. Asylum Policy in the Post-Cold War Era: Balancing Humanitarian Obligations and Security Concerns

Maria Cristina Garcia, Cornell University


Comment: Donna Gabaccia


BREAK: 3:00PM – 3:30PM

Refreshments in the Lee Lounge


Session V: 3:30PM – 5:30PM

Panel 38: The United States and its Foreign Terrains of Empire in the Gilded Age, 1865-1910 (Room 205)

Chair: Joseph A. Fry, University of Nevada at Las Vegas


Resurrecting Reconstruction: Republican Policymakers, the Legacy of the Postbellum South, and Liberal Modernization in the Early U.S. Occupied Philippines

Gary H. Darden, Fairleigh Dickinson University


Expansionism, Imperialism, and Colonialism: Debating Empire after the Civil War, 1865-1877

Andrew Priest, Aberystwyth University


The Demands of the Nineteenth Century: White Southerners Construct Home Rule at Home and Abroad

Eric Weber, Duke University


Comment: Joseph A. Fry


Panel 39: Roundtable: Teaching the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan: 2008 SHAFR Institute Participants Reflect on their Classroom Experiences (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Chair: Peter Hahn, Ohio State University

Jungle and Desert: Comparing the Vietnam and Iraq Wars in the Classroom

Fabian Hilfrich, University of Edinburgh


Challenges of Teaching Afghanistan and Iraq in the Broader Context of U.S.-Middle East Relations

Matthew Jacobs, University of Florida


Sourcing and Teaching the “Slam Dunk” Episode

Christopher Jespersen, North Georgia College and State University


Remind Me Why I Thought This Would Be a Good Idea? Creating the Course Syllabus

Molly Wood, Wittenberg University


Comment: the audience


Panel 40: The United States and Britain in the Indian Ocean: Regional Security and Global Strategy in the Cold War (Room 220)

Chair: Michael A. Palmer, East Carolina University

The United States, Great Britain and Regional Challenges to the British Indian Ocean Territory, 1965-1980

W. Taylor Fain, University of North Carolina-Wilmington


“No Scope for Arms Control”: Strategic Vision and Naval Limitations in the Indian Ocean, ca. 1970-1975

Peter John Brobst, Ohio University


Sir Philip Mitchell and the Indian Ocean, 1946-1949

James R. Brennan, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Comment: Michael A. Palmer


Panel 41: The U.S. Congress and the Early Cold War (Room 309)

Chair: Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University

“Whose Prerogative?” The Conflict between the Conservative Right in the Senate and the Executive over the Constitutional Power in U.S. Foreign Policy Making, 1950-54

James Blackstone, University of Cambridge


Mission Impossible: The “Voice of America”, Congress, the Truman Administration, and the Battle over the Smith-Mundt Act, 1946-1948

Terry Hamblin, SUNY Delhi


Isolationists, Internationalists and U.S. Policy toward Egypt, 1952-1956

Guy Laron, Northwestern University

Comment: Chester Pach, Ohio University


Panel 42: Roundtable: Empire in America: Expanding and Crossing Borders (Room 235)

Moderator: Walter LaFeber, Cornell University

Christopher Capozzola, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Mariola Espinosa, Yale University

Alfred W. McCoy, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Anne L. Foster, Indiana State University

Comment: the audience


Panel 43: Triangular Cooperative Disagreement: Cuba-Canada-United States Relations, 1959-1966 (Room 225)

Chair: Robert Anthony Waters, Jr., Ohio Northern University

Canada, the United States and Cuba: The Triangular Relationship through Cuban Diplomatic History, 1959-1962

Raúl Rodríguez Rodríguez, University of Havana


“Quite Relaxed”: Canada and U.S. Policy toward Cuba, 1959-1962

Asa McKercher, Library and Archives Canada


Moving From Friction to Cooperation: Canadian-American Relations and Revolutionary Cuba 1959-1966

John M. Dirks, University of Toronto

Comment: John Prados, National Security Archive


Panel 44: Before and After: Comparing the Pre-Presidential and Presidential Rhetoric of FDR, LBJ, and RMN (Room 226)

Chair: Martin Medhurst, Baylor University


FDR’s Rhetorical Narrative of National Insecurity

Ira Chernus, University of Colorado-Boulder


Exchanging Rhetoric for Reality: Lyndon Johnson’s Shifting Foreign Policy Ideology

Nicole Anslover, Indiana University-Northwest


Richard Nixon’s Pre-presidential Rhetoric of Anti-communism

Marta Rzepecka, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University

Comment: Martin Medhurst


Panel 45: Exporting Liberty and Securing Slavery in American Foreign Relations, 1815-1873 (Room 217)

Chair: Daniel Margolies, Virginia Wesleyan College

Slave Trade versus Slave Empire: Henry Wise’s Ministry to Brazil, 1844-1847

Matthew Karp, University of Pennsylvania


General Jackson’s Passports: Travel Rights, Gun Rights and the Safety of the (Slaveowning) People

Jason M. Opal, McGill University


“To Strike a Blow at Slavery Wherever it May Exist”: Frederick Douglass, Santo Domingo and the Foreign Policy of Anti-Slavery, 1870-1873

Christopher Wilkins, Stanford University

Comment: Daniel Margolies


Panel 46: Rethinking Colonialism and the Cold War: Perspectives from Moscow, Manchester and Geneva (Room 335)

Chair: Carol Anderson, Emory University

American Anticolonialism in Interwar Moscow: Rethinking Race, Migration and the Global Cold War

Ani Mukherji, Brown University


Manchester, 1945: An East-West, North-South Crossroads

John Munro, Simon Fraser University


The Geneva Conference of 1954 and U.S.-China Relations

Tao Wang, Georgetown University

Comment: Rachel Buff, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee


Panel 47: Roundtable: Shock of the Global? Rethinking the International History of the 1970s (Room 213)

Moderator: Fredrik Logevall, Cornell University

Erez Manela, Harvard University

Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, University of Kentucky

Vernie Oliveiro, Harvard University

Daniel Sargent, University of California, Berkeley



Registration & Book Exhibit: 8:00AM – 5:00PM (Lee Lounge)

Membership Committee Meeting: 7:30AM – 9:00AM (Room 320)

Refreshments: 8:00AM – 9:00AM (Lee Lounge)


Session VI: 9:00AM – 11:00AM

Panel 48: So a Kangaroo, a Shark and a Zookeeper Go Into an Embassy . . . : Animals and American Foreign Relations (Room 220)

Chair: Janet M. Davis, University of Texas at Austin

The Cold War and the Militarization of American Zoo Keeping

John M. Kinder, Oklahoma State University


Pacific Pets: Animal Exchange and Imagery in American-Australian Relations, 1908

Robert Chase, University of California, Irvine


A Menacing Menagerie: The Dehumanization and Destruction of U.S.-Cuban Relations, 1959-1965

Blair Woodard, University of New Mexico

Comment: Sayuri Guthrie Shimizu, Michigan State University


Panel 49: Military Culture and U.S. Foreign Relations in the 20th Century (Room 225)

Chair: Michael Sherry, Northwestern University

Global Militarization and U.S. Pursuits of Force: Rethinking American Navalism in the Progressive Era

Dirk Bönker, Duke University


Building America’s “9-1-1- Force”: The Cultural Origins of Marine Corps’ Amphibious Force in Readiness

Aaron B. O’Connell, U.S. Naval Academy


Imagining NATO in the 1950s

Carolyn V. Davidson, Yale University

Comment: Michael Sherry


Panel 50: Religion and the Cold War: A Global Perspective (Room 309)

Chair: Phil E. Muehlenbeck, George Washington University

The Western Allies, German Churches, and the Emerging Cold War in Germany, 1945-1952

JonDavid K. Wyneken, Grove City College


Rising to the Occasion: The Role of American Missionaries and Korean Pastors in Resisting Communism and Preserving the Korean Church throughout the Korean War

Kai Yin Allison Haga, National Sun Yat-Sen University


Religion, Power, and Legitimacy in Ngo Dinh Diem’s Republic of Vietnam, 1954-1963

Jessica Chapman, Williams College

Comment: David Zietsma, Redeemer University College


Panel 51: Roundtable: Finding Common Ground: Asian American Studies and U.S. Foreign Relations Research (Room 213)

Moderator: Gregg Brazinsky, George Washington University


Internationalism and Antiracism in the Japanese Immigration Crisis

Lon Kurashige, University of Southern California

Dong Kingman: The Chinese American Artist as Cold War Goodwill Ambassador

Mary Lui, Yale University


The Heartland in Saigon and the Saigon In…Detroit: The Michigan State University Vietnam Advisory Group Project as Recovered Asian American History, 1954-1960

Victor Jew, University of Wisconsin-Madison


Constructing Internationalism: Vietnamese Agency, Print Media and the Antiwar Movement

Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, The Ohio State University


Panel 52: Roundtable: Educational Exchange and the Writing of International History (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Chair: Whitney Walton, Purdue University

Richard Garlitz, University of Tennessee at Martin

Liping Bu, Alma College

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman, San Diego State University

Lisa Jarvinen, LaSalle University

Hongshan Li, Kent State University at Tuscarawas

Shuji Otsuka, Northwestern University

Comment: the audience


Panel 53: Partnerships, Political Warfare and Dissent: The Trials of U.S.-Italian Relations during the Cold War (Room 217)

Chair: Steven F. White, Mount St. Mary’s College

Confronting Communism through “Means Short of War”: The United States, Italy & Political Warfare in the Early Cold War

Kaeten Mistry, University of Warwick


The United States and the De Gasperi Enigma

Mario Del Pero, University of Bologna


Taming Dissent: The United States, Anti-Americanism, and the Italian Center-Left Governments, 1958-1978

Alessandro Brogi, University of Arkansas

Comment: Leopoldo Nuti, University of Rome III


Panel 54: Black Internationalism and Cold War Dissent (Room 226)

Chair: Gerald Horne, University of Houston

The Old Left and Transnational Solidarity Politics in the 1960s and 1970s

Dayo F. Gore, University of Massachusetts


Mississippi Mau Mau: Medgar Evers and the Black Freedom Struggle, 1952-1963

Kristin R. Henze, University of Missouri


“Uptight in Babylon”: Eldridge Cleaver’s Cold War

Sean L. Malloy, University of California, Merced

Comment: Gerald Horne


Panel 55: Crossing Trans-Atlantic Boundaries in the Early American Period, 1787-1800 (Room 205)

Chair: Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State


Publius’s Guile and the Paranoid Style

Joseph Parent, University of Miami


Virginia’s Trans-Atlantic Economic Priorities in the Ratification of the Constitution, 1788

Stephanie Hurter Williams, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State


The XYZ Affair, Public Opinion, and the Early American Presidency

Christopher Young, Indiana University Northwest

Comment: Chris Tudda


Panel 56: Modernization, Environment and Poverty: U.S. Solutions during the Cold War (Room 235)

Chair: Nick Cullather, Indiana University at Bloomington


“Soon it All Became Commonplace”: Discovering “Global Poverty” in Nehru’s India

Sheyda Jahanbani, University of Kansas


Mixing Diplomatic and Environmental History: The U.S., DDT, and Nepal, 1952-1972

Thomas Robertson, Worcester Polytechnic Institute


Listening to Alternative Voices from America’s First War on Drugs: Integrating Oral Histories with Archival Documents in the Study of Turkey’s 1970s Eradication of the Opium Poppy

Kyle Evered, Michigan State University

Comment: Nick Cullather


Luncheon: 11:00AM – 1:00PM

(Alumni Lounge – Pre-registration required)

Foreign Relations: Immigration History as International History

Donna R. Gabaccia, Director, Immigration History Research Center, Rudolph J. Vecoli Chair of Immigration History Research and Fesler-Lampert Chair in Public Humanities (2009-2010), University of Minnesota


Session VII: 1:00PM – 3:00PM

Panel 57: School of Hard Knocks: Cultural Studies of U.S. Relations with Cuba (Room 205)

Chair: Dustin Walcher, Southern Oregon University


Between Admiration and Indignation: The Career of Kid Chocolate and Cuban Perceptions of the United States, 1928-1933

Enver M. Casimir, University of North Carolina


“An ounce of education is worth more than a pound of gun powder”: The American Central School and Cuba’s Isle of Pines

Michael E. Neagle, University of Connecticut


The Lingering Problem of Tío Sam: Castroist Perspectives on the History of U.S. Interventions in Cuba

Jared Ross Hardesty, Boston College

Comment: Michael Donoghue, Marquette University


Panel 58: New Perspectives on U.S.-Iraq Relations under Saddam (Room 213)

Chair: Jessica Huckabey, Conflict Records Research Center


“This Stab in the Back”: Saddam Hussein, Irangate and the United States

Hal Brands, Institute for Defense Analyses


Understanding Saddam’s Non-Use of WMD in the Gulf War

David Palkki, University of California at Los Angeles and Institute for Defense Analyses


Saddam’s Perceptions and Misperceptions: The Case of Desert Storm

Kevin Woods, Institute for Defense Analyses

Comment: Thomas Mahnken, U.S. Naval War College and Johns Hopkins University


Panel 59: The Two Germanys in Transatlantic Relations, 1975-1990 (Room 225)

Chair: Bernd Schaefer, Cold War International History Project

From Wende to Wende: Helmut Kohl, Deutschlandpolitik, and Transatlantic Relations in the 1980s

Ronald J. Granieri, University of Pennsylvania


The Carter-Schmidt Split: Explaining the Deterioration of Relations between the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany during the Carter Administration

Tony Crain, Ohio State University


Basket III as “Human-Rights-Demagoguery Hostile to Détente”: The German Democratic Republic and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 1975-1989

Douglas Selvage, Office of the Federal Commissioner for Stasi Records, Berlin

Comment: William Gray, Purdue University


Panel 60: Transpacific Contact Zones: New Perspectives on Asia and America during the Second World War and the Cold War (Room 235)

Chair: Lon Kurashige, University of Southern California


Imagining Hawai‘i in Japan during WWII

Yujin Yaguchi, University of Tokyo


Negotiating Hollywood, Inventing America: Movie Consumption as a Transnational Practice in Post-World War II Japan, 1945-1960

Hiroshi Kitamura, The College of William and Mary


Paradise Found: Indonesia in the Surfing Imagination

Scott Laderman, University of Minnesota-Duluth

Comment: Paul Kramer, Vanderbilt University


Panel 61: Dissent against the Vietnam War (Room 226)

Chair: Hannah Gurman, New York University


Radical Revision vs. Escalation: George Ball’s Vietnam Dissent

Hannah Gurman, New York University


“Hating the Eel, but Loving the Soup”: Discourse on the Vietnam War and American Influence in Thailand

Sudina Paungpetch, Texas A&M University


“Abolish the Peace Corps”: The Vietnam War and the Committee of Returned Volunteers in the Development Decade

Molly Geidel, Boston University

Comment: Jessica Chapman, Williams College


Panel 62: Diplomacy without Diplomats: Non-state Actors and U.S.-Philippine Relations during the 20th Century (Room 217)

Chair: Mark Bradley, University of Chicago


“We Have a Responsibility Here. . . Unequaled Anywhere”: The American Colonial State and Private Reform in the Philippines, 1898-1946

Stefanie Bator, Northwestern University


“The World Brotherhood of Freedom-Loving Nations”: Constructing a Cold War Democracy in the Philippines

Colleen Woods, University of Michigan


The “Broads from Abroad”: American Actresses Star in the Postcolonial Philippines

Michael Hawkins, University of California, Riverside

Comment: Anne L. Foster, Indiana State University


Panel 63: U.S. Alliances in the Cold War: Diverging Perspectives on the Relationships with Germany and Korea (Room 326)

Chair: James I. Matray, California State University, Chico


Power and Culture in the U.S. Relationship with South Korea, 1945-1966

William Stueck, University of Georgia


U.S. Nation Building, Power and Culture in Postwar Germany

Holger Lowendorf, Temple University

Commentators: Frank Costigliola, University of Connecticut

Robert McMahon, Ohio State University


Panel 64: American Society and Transborder Migratory Metis Peoples: The Politics of National Boundary Marking and the Politics of State Citizenship (Room 309)

Chair: Galen Perras, University of Ottawa


Crossing Boundaries, Making Boundaries: The Plains Métis and North American Border-Making

Michel Hogue, Carleton University


Life on the Border: The Metis and Race, Citizenship, and Authenticity in the Twentieth Century

Brenda Macdougall, University of Ottawa


19th Century French Catholic Fur trade Families in the Great Lakes Region – Adaptive Strategies to Life in the USA

Nicole St-Onge, University of Ottawa

Comment: Galen Perras


Panel 65: Unofficial Diplomacy: Private Citizens and U.S. Foreign Policy in the Cold War (Room 220)

Chair: Daniel Margolies, West Virginia Wesleyan College


Francis Pickens Miller and the Christian Origins of the American Century

Mark Edwards, Ouachita Baptist University


Traversing Cold War Borders: Staughton Lynd’s Unofficial Peace Mission to Hanoi, 1965-1966

Carl Mirra, Adelphi University


Charles Howard and the Crusade for Civil Rights and Decolonization in the Context of the Cold War

Curt Cardwell, Drake University

Comment: Daniel Margolies


Panel 66: All Together Now? America and its Allies in Postwar Occupations (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Chair: Mario Del Pero, University of Bologna


Going it Alone: American Planning for the Occupation of Japan

Dayna Barnes, London School of Economics


Occupation Endgame: The United States, the United Nations and the Korean Occupation, 1947-1948

Robert Barnes, London School of Economics


Raising the Stakes: The American Occupation of Berlin, 1945-47

Emma Peplow, London School of Economics

Comment: Mario Del Pero


BREAK: 3:00PM – 3:30PM

Refreshments provided in Lee Lounge


Session VIII: 3:30PM – 5:30PM

Panel 67: Small Scale Imperialism?: Frontier Localities and American Foreign Relations, 1743-1860 (Room 220)

Chair: Jason Colby, University of Victoria


American Neutrality and the Problem of Slavery in the 1790s

Wendy Helen Wong, Temple University


A School as Foreign Policy?: The Case of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 1743-1755

Matt Schumann, Eastern Michigan University


Showdown at the Oriental Hotel, and Other Such Tales of Barroom Violence from Abroad

Brian Rouleau, Texas A&M University

Comment: Jason Colby


Panel 68: Kennedy’s Headaches (Room 326)

Chair: Michael Allen, Northwestern University


Not Waving but Drowning: The United States’ Support for the Ngô Family

Evelyn Krache Morris, Georgetown University


One More Step: Kennedy, Chemical Defoliants, and U.S. Intervention in Vietnam

Richard M. Filipink, Jr., Western Illinois University


Latin Americanizing the Alliance for Progress: The Making of the Alliance for Progress from an Inter-American Perspective

Cristóbal Zúñiga Espinoza, State University of New York, Stony Brook


American Missile Defense and the NATO Alliance: The Kennedy Administration and the Roots of Division

Joseph W. Constance, Saint Anselm College

Comment: Michael Allen


Panel 69: Boundary Crossing Essentials: Food Provisioning and U.S. Foreign Relations (Room 225)

Chair: Nick Cullather, Indiana University


Meat in the Middle: Exploring the Transborder Relations of the Nineteenth-century Midwest

Kristin Hoganson, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign


The Fruits of Benevolence: World War I Food Aid & International Power

Helen Zoe Veit, Michigan State University


What Global Capitalism Leaves to the Nation: Coca-Cola, the United States, and Latin America

Julio Moreno, University of San Francisco

Comment: Jeffrey Pilcher, University of Minnesota


Panel 70: Perplexing Masquerade: The Many Faces of 20th Century Humanitarian Relief (Room 235)

Chair: Dustin Walcher, Southern Oregon University


Progressive Financial Missionaries?: The Shoup Missions to Cuba, 1931-32 and 1938-39

Michael Adamson, California State University, Sacramento


CARE-ing for the Enemy: U.S. Food Policy in Occupied Germany, 1945-1949

Andrea O’Brien, George Washington University


Frontiers of Need: Humanitarianism, Imperialism and the Nigerian Civil War, 1967-1970

Brian McNeil, University of Texas-Austin


The Gentle War: Famine Relief, Politics, and Privatization in Ethiopia, 1983-1986

Alexander Poster, Yale University

Comment: Kristin Ahlberg, Department of State


Panel 71: Learning from Others: American Military History in a Transnational Context, 1941-1965 (Room 205)

Chair: Christopher DeRosa, Monmouth University

“We Don’t Know Anything about Espionage Schools”: How the United States Inherited Britain’s Tradition of Irregular Warfare

Aaron R. Linderman, Texas A&M University

“We must all maintain an optimistic viewpoint”: MAAG’s Opinion of France’s Performance in the Indochina War

Nathaniel R. Weber, Texas A&M University

The Origins of U.S. Security Policy in South Asia: A Case Study of Military Aid to Pakistan

Mark Beall, Independent Scholar

Comment: Christopher DeRosa

Panel 72: Kennedy Administration Policies toward the Third World: A Reassessment (Room 309)

Chair: Marc Selverstone, Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia

Multilateralism and Regional Organizations in the Era of Nation-Building: Reappraising the Kennedy Years

Mark Atwood Lawrence, University of Texas at Austin

“A Slight but Salutary Case of the Jitters”: Bureaucratic Politics and the Alliance for Progress in Paraguay

Kirk Tyvela, University of Wisconsin, Washington County

Betting on the Africans: John F. Kennedy’s Courting of African Nationalist Leaders

Phil E. Muehlenbeck, George Washington University

Tough Love on the Periphery: The Kennedy Administration, Afghanistan, and the Pashtunistan Question

Robert B. Rakove, Old Dominion University

Comment: Luís Nuno Rodrigues, ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute

Panel 73: Cultures of Opposition: The American Left and U.S. Foreign Relations (Room 213)

Chair: Thomas McCormick, University of Wisconsin at Madison

U.S. and European Left Opposition to the Labor Provisions of the Versailles Treaty

Elizabeth McKillen, University of Maine

Critiquing the Cold War: Sidney Roger, Radio News, and a Culture of Opposition

Nathan Godfried, University of Maine

William Appleman Williams vs Reinhold Niebuhr: U.S. Foreign Policy and Two Theologies

Paul Buhle, Brown University

Comment: Jeffrey A. Engel, Texas A&M University

Panel 74: Cultural Brokers in U.S. Foreign Relations (Room 226)

Chair: Susan A. Brewer, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point

Cultural Brokers in Transatlantic Economic Relations: The Example of Arnold, Fortas & Porter

Petra Dolata-Kreutzkamp, King’s College London

Vietnam War Photographers: Chroniclers, Propagandists, or Cultural Brokers?

Peter Busch, King’s College London

“Send more people like the Martins…”: Winning the Cold War in Southeast Asia with “The Ugly American”

Andreas Etges, Freie Universität Berlin

Comment: Kenneth A. Osgood, Florida Atlantic University

Panel 75: George Herring’s From Colony to Superpower: U.S. Foreign Relations since 1776: A Discussion of the Master Narrative of the United States and the World (VandeBerg Auditorium/Room 121)

Chair: Marilyn Young, New York University

From Colony to the Global Stage

Brian DeLay, University of California, Berkeley

From the 1890s to 1945

Emily Rosenberg, University of California, Irvine

The Early Cold War

Richard Immerman, Temple University

The Vietnam War Era

Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, University of Kentucky

After Vietnam

Kyle Longley, Arizona State University

Comment: George Herring, University of Kentucky


SOCIAL EVENT: 6:00PM – 8:00 PM

Reception, Wisconsin Veterans Museum, Capitol Square (wear your name badge)

Sponsored by the Wisconsin Veterans Museum and the Center for World Affairs and the Global Economy, University of Wisconsin-Madison