SHAFR 2011 Annual Meeting

Waging War, Making Peace, Crossing Borders

Thursday, June 23, 2011 - 9:00am to Saturday, June 25, 2011 - 5:00pm
Hilton Alexandria Mark Center Alexandria, VA

This webpage has been deactivated but is being preserved for archival purposes.

Conference Program

Please note that the program below is slightly outdated. [It does not include late updates made at the conference].


SHAFR Council Meeting: 8:00AM – 12:45PM (Maple Room)

Registration: 10:00AM – 5:00PM (Dogwood Room)

Teaching Committee Meeting: 11:00AM – 1:00PM (Laurel Room)

Book Exhibit: 12:00PM – 5:00PM (Terrace Ballroom)

Session I: 1:00PM – 3:00PM


Panel 1: Crossing Borders and Intersecting Empires

Chair: Daniel Margolies, Virginia Wesleyan College

The Struggle for the Northern Border: British Occupation and Insurgency in the Old Northwest 1783-1796

John C. Kotruch, University of New Hampshire

The Fenian Invasions: Territorial Sovereignty and Imperial Actors

Skye H. Lynch, College of William and Mary

The Friendly Address Movement and the Oregon Territory Boundary Dispute: Transatlantic Citizen‐Diplomacy, Gender, Ethnicity, and Race in the 1840s

Wendy E. Chmielewski, Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Comment: Daniel Margolies


Panel 2: 50 Years After: New Perspectives on the Vienna Summit of 1961

Chair: Christian Prosl, Ambassador of the Republic of Austria to the United States

The Austrians and the Vienna Summit of 1961

Barbara Stelzl-Marx, Boltzmann Institut für Kriegsfolgen-Forschung

John F. Kennedy and the Vienna Summit of 1961

Günter Bischof, University of New Orleans

Nikita Khrushchev and the Vienna Summit of 1961

Mark Kramer, Harvard University

Comment: Aviel Roshwald, Georgetown University


Panel 3: Non-State Actors and the Cuba Problem – Puppets or Puppeteers?

Chair: James G. Hershberg, George Washington University

Intervening Revolutions: The U.S. Approach to the 1933 and 1956-59 Cuban Upheavals

Vanni Pettinà, Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

Fight for Unity and Power: The Cuban Exile Community and the Bay of Pigs

Cristóbal Zúñiga-Espinoza, State University of New York at Stony Brook

International Labor in British Guiana

Robert Anthony Waters, Jr., Ohio Northern University

The Limits of Solidarity: The United States and the Havana Tricontinental Conference, 1966

Eric Gettig, Georgetown University

Comment: James G. Hershberg


Panel 4: Crossing the Pacific: Culture and Conflict

Chair: Charles W. Hayford, Northwestern University

Between Pacifism and Imperialism: The Frustration of the International Birth Control Movement

Aiko Takeuchi-Demirci, Brown University

“Open Recipes Openly Arrived At”: Chinese Cooking and Sino-American Culture, 1921-1945

Charles W. Hayford, Northwestern University

Complementary Private Diplomacy: The National Committee on United States-China Relations

Norton Wheeler, Missouri Southern State University

Comment: Christopher Jespersen, North Georgia College and State University


Panel 5: Countering the Protest: Domestic Supporters of the Vietnam War

Chair: Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University

“For God and Country”: The Soldier, the Veteran, the American Legion, and Vietnam

Annessa Ann Babic, New York Institute of Technology

Getting Rid of a Complex: The National Security State and the Politics of the Vietnam War

Michael Brenes, City University of New York

The Loyal Opposition: Lyndon Johnson, the Right, and Vietnam

Seth Offenbach, The City College of New York

Comment: Andrew Johns


Panel 6: Roundtable: Explaining the History of U.S. Foreign Relations: The Challenges and Rewards of Teaching Non-American Students

Chair: David Painter, Georgetown University

Karine Walther, Georgetown School of Foreign Service, Qatar

Jeremy Gunn, Al Akhawayn University, Morocco

Comment: Stephen G. Rabe, University of Texas at Dallas

David Painter


Panel 7: Strategic Adjustment in the Bush Administration: Twenty Years Later

Chair: Roman Popadiuk, Executive Director, George Bush Presidential Library Foundation

“Our Enemy is Instability”: The Evolving Nature of George H.W. Bush’s New World Order

Jeffrey A. Engel, Texas A&M University

“First, Do No Harm”: Conservative Realism and U.S. Strategic Adjustment under George H.W. Bush

Colin Dueck, George Mason University

Beyond Containment? The Bush Administration’s Skeptical Approach to the CSCE

Sarah B. Snyder, University College, London

“Resumption of History”: The Rise and Fall of the New World Order, 1990-91

Bartholomew Sparrow, The University of Texas at Austin

Comment: Roman Popadiuk

Meena Bose, Hofstra University


Panel 8: Civil(izing) Society: Public Opinion in American Foreign Relations

Chair: Dirk Bönker, Duke University

“It is to Public Opinion, and Nothing but Public! Opinion, that We Appeal”: The Practices of International Humanitarian Advocacy, 1880-1910

Ann Marie Wilson, Harvard University

I Took Panama, Now You Justify it: Two Faces of Public Opinion in Early Twentieth Century International Law

Benjamin Coates, Columbia University

Public Opinion: Both Enemy and Friend in the “Peace with Mexico” Campaign, 1926-1927

Megan Threlkeld, Denison University

Comment: Dirk Bönker


Panel 9: Refugee and Immigration Policy as Foreign Policy: From Open Arms to Suspicious Minds

Chair: Jeffery B. Cook, North Greenville University

Canadian Immigration Policy as Foreign Relations

Julie F. Gilmour, McMaster University

Settling the Displaced: Challenges of Baltic Refugee Immigration to American Foreign Policy

Jonathan H. L’Hommedieu, University of Turku, Finland

Refugees and Rebirth: U.S. Indochina Refugee Policy and American Foreign Relations after the Vietnam War

Heather M. Stur, University of Southern Mississippi

Emigration and U.S. Foreign Policy: The Cuban Case

Jessica Faith Gibbs, University of Aberystwyth

Comment: Stephen Porter, University of Cincinnati


BREAK: 3:00 – 3:30 PM

Refreshments served in the Terrace Ballroom


Session II: 3:30 PM – 5:30 PM

Panel 10: Performing Gender from Space to Berlin

Chair: Petra Goedde, Temple University

Performing Politics: Women and Pillbox Hats at Congress Hall, West Berlin, 1957

Victoria Phillips Geduld, Columbia University

Making Space Masculine: NASA as a Diplomatic Tool for Gender Consumption, 1961-1966

Erinn McComb, Mississippi State University

Gender and Statecraft in U.S.-Cuban Exceptionalism during the Cold War

John Gronbeck-Tedesco, Ramapo College of New Jersey

Comment: Petra Goedde


Panel 11: Rethinking the Impact of Refugees on Domestic and Foreign Policy

Chair: Carl Bon Tempo, State University of New York at Albany

Synchronizing Domestic and Foreign Policy Concerns: The Case of the 1980 Refugee Act

David W. Haines, George Mason University

The Distinction of Dragon-Boats: The Khmer Krom and the United States

Trude Jacobsen, Northern Illinois University

Encouraging Defection while Discouraging Admissions: Refugees from Hong Kong and U.S. Foreign Relations, 1950-1965

Philip E. Wolgin, University of California, Berkeley

Comment: Carl Bon Tempo


Panel 12: Conflicting Desires: American Commitment to AID and Human Rights during the Cold War, 1945-1985

Chair: David Ekbladh, Tufts University

Ike’s High-Wire Act: Balancing Europe, Decolonization and the Eisenhower Doctrine in Tunisia

Theresa Romahn, Wilfrid Laurier University

“The Cause of the World:” Lyndon Johnson and the New Purpose of America, 1963-1968

Jared Phillips, University of Arkansas

Nexus: National Interest, Human Rights, Foreign Aid and U.S. Response to the “Genocide” in East Pakistan, 1971

Richard Pilkington, University of Toronto

The Kirkpatrick Doctrine and Human Rights: Neoconservative Foreign Policy in the Reagan Administration

Bianca Rowlett, University of Arkansas

Comment: William Michael Schmidli, Bucknell University


Panel 13: New Interpretations of the Eisenhower Administration’s Policies toward Latin America

Chair: Alan McPherson, University of Oklahoma

The Slow Road to Modernity: The Eisenhower Administration and the Question of Economic Development in Latin America

Bevan Sewell, University of Nottingham

Arc of Crises in the Andes?: The United States and the Origins of Neoliberalism, 1945-1961

James Siekmeier, West Virginia University

Reexamining the Guatemalan Intervention: John Moors Cabot, Development, and Anti-Americanism

Aaron Moulton, University of Arkansas – Fayetteville

Comment: Dustin Walcher, Southern Oregon University


Panel 14: The U.S.-Sino-Soviet Triangle in the Third World

Chair: Robert McMahon, Ohio State University

Sino-American Competition in East Africa

Gregg Andrew Brazinsky, George Washington University

The Second Battle of Algiers: Aid and Ideology on the Road to the Second Bandung

Jeremy Friedman, Princeton University

The United States, the Second Bandung Conference, and the Struggle for the Third World, 1964-5

Eric Gettig, Georgetown University

Comment: Robert McMahon


Panel 15: Historicizing U.S.-Middle East Relations in the Post-9/11 Era

Chair: Peter L. Hahn, Ohio State University

Bridging an Imaginary Divide: Transnational Dissent and the 1958 U.S. Intervention in Lebanon

Maurice Jr. Labelle, University of Akron

America’s Great Game: The CIA, Arabism, and the Middle East in Early Cold War

Hugh Wilford, California State University, Long Beach

The Ghosts of Development Past and Present: The United States and Jordan’s East Ghor Canal

Nathan Citino, Colorado State University

“We Will Get Wheat from Somewhere”: Food Aid and the U.S.-Egyptian Relationship in the 1960s

Robert Rakove, Colgate University

Comment: Melani McAlister, George Washington University


Panel 16: The Global Footprint of the U.S. Military

Chair: Edwin A. Martini, Western Michigan University

Between Desire and Protest: Prostitution and Concubinage in U.S. Military-Cuban Relations, 1941-1945

Michael E. Donoghue, Marquette University

American Expatriates and the Vietnam War in Great Britain

Joshua D. Cochran, University of Iowa

“A Haven for Lost Souls”: Hong Kong in the Vietnam War

Peter E. Hamilton, University of Texas at Austin

Comment: Scott Laderman, University of Minnesota, Duluth


Panel 17: Missionaries, Minstrels and Pirates in 19th Century U.S. Foreign Relations 

Chair: Amy S. Greenberg, Penn State University

Crossing the Pali: Hawaiian Missionary Children as Immigrants in America and their Role in U.S. Colonial Expansion, 1820-1898

Joy Schulz, University of Nebraska

In the Wake of Jim Crow: Maritime Minstrelsy and American Racial Nationalism Abroad

Brian Rouleau, Texas A&M University

“This Barbarous Coast Called Barbary, the Weakness of Their Garrisons, and the Effeminacy of Their People”: American Attitudes toward the Barbary Pirates, 1796-1805

Jason Zeledon, University of California at Santa Barbara

Comment: Amy S. Greenberg


Panel 18: Roundtable: The Cold War, Third World, and International History

Chair: Cemil Aydin, George Mason University

International Society and its Discontents

Jeffrey Byrne, University of British Columbia

The “New” Cold War International History and the Third World

Paul Chamberlin, University of Kentucky

Imperial History, International History, and America’s Role in the World

Ryan Irwin, Yale University

Decolonization and Area Studies: A View from Africa

Christopher J. Lee, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

The Rise of a New Human Rights Regime: Toward a Transnational History of the Vietnam War

Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, University of Kentucky


WELCOME RECEPTION: 5:30 PM – 7:00 PM (Outside Lawn)

Sponsored by Wiley-Blackwell in honor of the 35th anniversary of Diplomatic History

All registrants are invited to attend. In case of inclement weather, the reception will be held in the Lower Level Foyer, outside the Plaza Ballroom.


PLENARY SESSION: 7:00 PM – 9:00 PM (Plaza Ballroom B)

9/11, the War on Terror, and U.S. International History 

Andrew Bacevich, Boston University

Mary Dudziak, University of Southern California

Dina Khoury, George Washington University

Melani McAlister, George Washington University

Marilyn Young, New York University


FRIDAY, 24 JUNE 2011

Diplomatic History Editorial Board Meeting: 7:30 AM – 9:00 AM (Laurel Room)

Book Exhibit: 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM (Terrace Ballroom)

Registration: 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM (Dogwood Room)

Refreshments: 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM (Terrace Ballroom)

Session III: 9:00 AM – 11:00 AM


Panel 19: Roundtable: Historical Lenses for the War in Afghanistan

Marilyn B. Young, New York University

Lloyd C. Gardner, Rutgers University

Aaron B. O’Connell, United States Naval Academy

Michael Cotey Morgan, United States Naval War College


Panel 20: U.S. Public Diplomacy and the Spanish-Speaking World, 1945-1963

Chair: Jonathan Rosenberg, CUNY-Hunter College

The American Message to Franco Spain, 1953-1963

Pablo León-Aguinaga, Georgetown University

“To paint America warts and all?” Public Diplomacy and American Studies in Spain, 1945-1960

Francisco J. Rodríguez, George Washington University

Cold in the Federal District. American Public Diplomacy in Mexico (1945-1955)

José A. Montero, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

“No More Cubas”: The Kennedy Administration, Public Diplomacy and the Struggle for the Spanish-Speaking Caribbean Basin

Matt Jacobs, Ohio University

Comment: Neal Rosendorf, Independent Scholar


Panel 21: Negotiating Revolution: The United States and Mexico, 1910-1945

Chair: Darlene Rivas, Pepperdine University

Sewage and Squatters: The Chamizal in U.S.-Mexican Relations, 1910-11

Amelia M. Kiddle, Wesleyan University

Intervening for the “Starving Innocents”: Food Aid as Wilsonian Foreign Policy in the Mexican Revolution

Julia Irwin, University of South Florida

“Embassy of Ideas”: The Benjamin Franklin Library, Educational Reform, and the Development of the Mexican State

Julie Prieto, Stanford University

Evicting the Good Neighbor: Colorado’s Depression-Era Effort to Deport Alien Labor

Derek R. Everett, Metropolitan State College of Denver

Comment: Seth Fein, Columbia University and New York Public Library


Panel 22: Ideas and Empire, Ideas of Empire: Rethinking the Objectives of U. S. Public Diplomacy

Chair: Mark Bradley, University of Chicago

“Beliefs and Desires of Whole Peoples and Areas were being Shaped Anew”: Theorizing the Origins of U. S. Public Diplomacy

Justin Hart, Texas Tech University

Other Voices, Other Rooms? The Proliferation of Eisenhower-era Public Diplomacy, the End of European Empire, and the Creation of the “Third World”

Jason Parker, Texas A&M University

Managing Empire: Toward a Theory of U.S. Public Diplomacy

David J. Snyder, University of South Carolina

Comment: Mark Bradley

Sheyda Jahanbani, University of Kansas


Panel 23: Making Peace across the Atlantic: German-American Cultural Relations after WWII 

Chair: Petra Goedde, Temple University

Writing German Literature after Auschwitz

Holger Löwendorf, Temple University

Another Transatlantic Alliance? Conservative American and German Historians after 1945

Philipp Stelzel, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and Duke University

Inscribing West German History into the Minds of Young Americans

Jacob S. Eder, University of Pennsylvania

Comment: Bernd Schaefer, Woodrow Wilson International Center, Cold War International History Project


Panel 24: Allegations, Myths, Rumors and Denials: The Central Intelligence Agency and the Profession of Journalism

Chair: Richard Immerman, Temple University

American Journalism and the CIA: The Case of Tad Szulc

Richard Aldrich, University of Warwick

Cyrus L. Sulzberger, Harrison E. Salisbury and the CIA: The New York Times, Journalistic Integrity and the End of a Friendship

Matthew Jones, University of Nottingham

“The Foreign Hand”: Representations of the CIA in Indian Literature and Journalism

Paul McGarr, University of Nottingham

Comment: Hugh Wilford, California State University at Long Beach


Panel 25: Peacemaking between Adversaries: The Mechanics of U.S.–PRC Rapprochement and Normalization, 1968-1978 

Chair: Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

The Media and U.S.-Chinese Rapprochement

Guolin Yi, Wayne State University

The Chinese Domestic Factor in Sino-U.S. Rapprochement, 1968-78

Pete Millwood, St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford

The Nixon Administration, the People’s Republic of China, and the United Nations

Angela Torelli, University of Perugia

Comment: Chris Tudda


Panel 26: Roundtable: Not all Politics is Local: Domestic Politics and U.S. Foreign Relations

Chair: Ralph Levering, Davidson College

The Legacy of Free Security

Campbell Craig, University of Aberystwyth

Elections and Partisan Politics

Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University

Presidential Decision Making

M. Elizabeth Sanders, Cornell University

Culture, Politics, and Foreign Relations

Andrew Falk, Christopher Newport University

Non-state Actors and Public Opinion

Andrew Johnstone, University of Leicester


Panel 27: The Evolution of American Cultural Diplomacy in the 19th and 20th Centuries: Paris Salons, Dresden Wild West Shows, and World Expos

Chair: Alessandro Brogi, University of Arkansas

America in Paris: Cultural Diplomacy and the Evolution of American Nationalism, 1810-1860

Joseph Eaton, National Chengchi University

A Wild West Ball in a German City: German-American Interactions before World War I

Nadine Zimmerli, University of Wisconsin-Madison

America in a $10-Million Nutshell: Cultural Diplomacy at the 1967 and 1970 World Expos

Gregory M. Tomlin, George Washington University

Comment: Alessandro Brogi


LUNCHEON: 11:00 AM – 1:00 PM

(Plaza Ballroom B – tickets required)


“I was thinking, as I often do these days, of war”: The United States in the 21st Century
Marilyn Young, New York University, SHAFR President

Session IV: 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM


Panel 28: Soviet and American Cultural Ambassadors Melting the Cold War

Chair: Laura A. Belmonte, Oklahoma State University

Into the Ferment: International Correspondents’ Alliances across the Iron Curtain

Dina Fainberg, Rutgers University

Slaves or Masters? The Bolshoi’s Spartacus and the U.S.-Soviet Exchange of 1962

Lauren Erin Brown, High Point University

“Walking the Tightwire”: Soviet Embassy Diplomats and Lecture Tours in America’s Heartland

Michael V. Paulauskas, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Comment: David C. Engerman, Brandeis University


Panel 29: The U.S. Imagines the Muslim World

Chair: Salim Yaqub, University of California at Santa Barbara

Sold Out? U.S. Foreign Policy and the Kurdish Revolt, 1972-1975

Bryan Gibson, London School of Economics

Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush, & Afghanistan: A Historical Analysis of “Freedom” in U.S. Foreign Policy

Andrew Hammond, University of Warwick

Condemning “Gender Apartheid”: The Taliban, Feminist Activism, and the Clinton Administration

Kelly Shannon, LaSalle University

Comment: Salim Yaqub


Panel 30: Sacred Foundations: Religion and U.S. Foreign Policy

Chair: Seth Jacobs, Boston College

The American Century in the Service of the Human Millennium: Woodrow Wilson, the League of Nations, and Our Future Anarchy

Matthew Phillips, Kent State University

The American Origins of International Religious Freedom

Anna Su, Harvard Law School

Belief in Belief: American Views of Religion and U.S. Relations with Saudi Arabia in the 1950s

Rian Bobal, Texas A&M University

Jimmy Carter and the Role of Religion in the Camp David Accords

Darren J. McDonald, Boston College

Comment: Steven P. Miller, Webster University


Panel 31: Gender and the New Biography: Lives and Careers of Women Diplomats, 1924 – 1970

Chair: Charles Stuart Kennedy, Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training

“Women are not Adapted to this Sort of Work”: Adventures of the First American Female Diplomat

Molly Wood, Wittenberg University

Gender and Consular Work: The Life and Diplomatic Career of Constance Ray Harvey

Beatrice McKenzie, Beloit College

Maria Wierna and Dao Thi Tom: Polish and Vietnamese Women in the World of Cold War Diplomacy and Beyond

Margaret Gnoinska, Troy University

Comment: Mary Ann Heiss, Kent State University


Panel 32: The American Way of Law in War since the 1890s

Chair: Matthew Evangelista, Cornell University

The United States and the Laws of War at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Brian Cuddy, Cornell University

The Struggle to Fight a Humane War: The United States, the Korean War, and the 1949 Geneva Conventions

Sahr Conway-Lanz, Yale University

Non-Combatants and the American Ways of War

Neta Crawford, Boston University

Comment: Mary Dudziak, University of Southern California


Panel 33: Between Colonialism and Cold War: The United States and Southeast Asia

Chair: Bradley R. Simpson, Princeton University

“Partly Disguised Imperialism”: Critical American Reactions to the 1946 Transfer of Power and the Early Years of Philippine Independence

Robert Shaffer, Shippensburg University

When America Remained at Peace: The Cognitive Calculus Theory of Decision-Making and Indochina, 1953-1954

Lori Helene Gronich, George Washington University

“We Had Principles, We Had Sympathies, and We Had Hopes”: The United States and Indonesia, 1945-1947

Irene Vrinte, Cornell University

Comment: Bradley R. Simpson


Panel 34: FRUS In The World, Part One: New Research on the Foreign Relations of the United States Series, The Long Nineteenth Century

Chair: William B. McAllister, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Publicizing Foreign Relations in Time of War: The Foundation of the Foreign Relations of the United States Series

Aaron W. Marrs, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

“Charming Volumes for Summer Outings”: FRUS and the Transformation of American Foreign Policy, 1870-1900
Peter Cozzens, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Comment: Howard Jones, University of Alabama

J.C.A. Stagg, University of Virginia


Panel 35: Roundtable: Bearing the Burden: John F. Kennedy at 50 Years

Chair: Stephen G. Rabe, University of Texas at Dallas

Marc Selverstone, University of Virginia

Doug Little, Clark University

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman, San Diego State University

Isabelle Vagnoux, Aix-Marseille Université

Jennifer Walton, Granite State College


Panel 36: Pacific Collisions and Collusions: From the Manchurian Crisis to the Early Cold War

Chair: Arnold A. Offner, Lafayette College

The Desperate Diplomat: Saburo Kurusu and the Pacific War, November-December 1941

J. Garry Clifford, University of Connecticut, and Masako Rachel Okura, Columbus State University

Fidgeting over Foreign Policy: Henry L. Stimson and the Mukden Incident of 1931

Michael E. Chapman, University of Beijing

Bridging the Pacific: The Ideological Underpinnings of the U.S.-Australian Relationship, 1933-1953

Travis Hardy, University of Tennessee

Comment: Justus Doenecke, The New College of the University of South Florida


BREAK: 3:00 PM – 3:30 PM

Refreshments served in the Terrace Ballroom


Session V: 3:30 PM – 5:30 PM


Panel 37: Nuclear Diplomacy – Nuclear Defense

Chair: William Burr, National Security Archive

About Creating and Maintaining Nuclear Deals: American-German Nuclear Relations from the NPT to SALT to NATO’s Dual Track Decision (1967-1982)

Oliver Bange, MGFA, Potsdam

European Nuclear Decision-Making? The United States, Nuclear Non-Proliferation and the European Option, 1968-1974

Ralph Dietl, Queen’s University Belfast

NATO Modernization at the Time of Détente: A Test of Ambiguity?

Marilena Gala, University Rome III

NATO’s Strategic Change: A West German Dilemma

Dieter Krüger, MGFA, Potsdam

Comment: William Burr


Panel 38: The United States and Israel, 1957-1973: Diplomacy and Strategy From the West Bank to the Red Sea 

Chair: Sonja Wentling, Concordia College

“An Existential Issue:” Israel, America and the West Bank’s Future, 1957-1967

Avshalom Rubin, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Fear of Peace: Israel’s Foreign Policy of Deception in the Aftermath of the June 1967 Six Day War

Avi Raz, University of Oxford

The United States and Israel, 1958-1973: Red Sea Strategy

Zach Levey, University of Haifa; University of Colorado at Boulder

Comment: Sonja Wentling


Panel 39: America From the Outside: Transnational and International Perspectives

Sponsored by the SHAFR Membership Committee

Chair: Thomas W. Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder

Doing Business with Colonels: The Nixon Administration’s Response to Boumediene’s Petroleum Nationalisations of 1971

Mohammed L. Ghettas, London School of Economics

“Hardship Cases” and Migrant Aid Agencies: The National Conference of Social Work and the International Conference of Private Organisations for the Protection of Migrants, 1924-1928

Yuki Oda, Columbia University

U.N., U.S. and NYC: Global, National and Local Implications of the United Nations Headquarters in New York City, 1945-1946

Tilman Pietz, University of Köln

Comment: Yujin Yaguchi, University of Tokyo

Mario Del Pero, University of Bologna

Michael Hopkins, University of Liverpool


Panel 40: Roundtable: History and Moral Responsibility

Chair: John Prados, National Security Archive

Robert McMahon, Ohio State University

Mike Sherry, Northwestern University

Marc Jason Gilbert, Hawaii Pacific University

Carolyn Eisenberg, Hofstra University


Panel 41: Putting Faith in the American Century: Francis Miller’s Lost Cause

Chair: Dianne Kirby, University of Ulster

“No Ordinary War”: Francis Pickens Miller, Operation Sussex, and the Shadow War Against Hitler

Rorin Platt, Independent Historian

Francis P. Miller and the Rise of American Atlanticism, 1930-1950

Emiliano Alessandri, Brookings Institution

A Higher Form of Collectivism: Francis Miller’s Love/Hate Relationship with America

Mark Edwards, Spring Arbor University

Comment: Naoko Shibusawa, Brown University


Panel 42: The Politics of U.S. Military Assistance to Latin America, 1953-1970

Chair: Hal Brands, Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University

Counterinsurgency on the Pampas: U.S.-Argentine Military Relations, 1960-1970

William Michael Schmidli, Bucknell University

The Bombs of September: Eisenhower, Foreign Aid and the Breakdown of U.S.-Cuba Relations, 1957-1958

Jorge Rivera Marín, Cornell University

Foreign Aid as Militarization: Developmentalism and the Making of the 1964 Bolivian Coup d’État

Thomas Field, London School of Economics and Political Science

Comment: Hal Brands


Panel 43: FRUS In The World, Part Two: New Research on the Foreign Relations of the United States Series, The Twentieth Century in Comparative Perspective

Chair: Michael J. Hogan, University of Illinois

“A Pandora’s Box Has Been Opened”: The Politics of the Yalta FRUS
Joshua Botts, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

“The War of Documents” and the Professionalization of the Editor’s Work: A Comparative View

Sacha Zala, Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences

Comment: Richard Immerman, Temple University

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman, San Diego State University


Panel 44: Asian Allies and Asian Foes: Emerging American Visions of Cold War Asia

Chair: Andrew J. Rotter, Colgate University

Reconstructing Orientals: Friendship, Foreign Aid, and the Missionary Legacy in Cold War South Korea

Sang Chi, Santa Clara University

“Why?” is for Yalta: Deconstructing the Right’s Critique of Postwar Settlement in East Asia

Joyce Mao, Middlebury College

To the Edge and Back: Communist China’s Entry into the Korean War and U.S. Political Culture, 1950-1951

Kevin Y. Kim, Stanford University

Comment: Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu, Michigan State University


Panel 45: Traffic: The Movement of Commodities Across Borders

Chair: Serge Ricard, Sorbonne Nouvelle, University of Paris III

Sweet Land of Contraband: Sugar Smuggling and America’s Outward State, 1865-1901

Andrew Wender Cohen, Syracuse University

Transnational Movement(s): Trade in, Opposition to, and Control of Opium in Colonial Southeast Asia, 1890-1940

Anne L. Foster, Indiana State University

American Sportsmen Behaving Badly: The Regulation of Illicit Hunting and Collecting Overseas, 1900-1934

Noah Cincinnati, Johns Hopkins University

Comment: Serge Ricard


PLENARY SESSION: 6:00-8:00 PM (Plaza Ballroom B) 

The WikiLeaks Phenomenon and U.S. Foreign Relations

Scott Shane, Washington Bureau Chief, New York Times 

Tom Blanton, Director, National Security Archive

Daniel Baer, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Laura Belmonte, Oklahoma State University



SHAFR Breakfast: 7:30 AM – 9:00 AM (Walnut Room)

Sponsored by the Membership Committee, the Committee on Women in SHAFR, and the Committee on Minority Historians

Get to know SHAFR Council members and find out about the work of our committees during an informal breakfast.

Book Exhibit: 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM (Terrace Ballroom)

Registration: 8:00 AM – 3:00 PM (Dogwood Room)

Refreshments: 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM (Terrace Ballroom)

Membership Committee Meeting: 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM (Laurel Room)


Session VI: 9:00 AM – 11:00 AM

Panel 46: Aftermath of War: The Politicization of Personal and Social Relations in the United States After the Korean War

Chair: Michael Allen, Northwestern University

Battling the Military Jim Crow: Thurgood Marshall and the Racial Politics of the NAACP during the Korean War

Lu Sun, Vanderbilt University

Pied Piper Leads Orphans to the United States: Rescuing Korean Orphans through Intercountry Adoption

Hannah Kim, University of Delaware

Institutionalizing Cold War Worldview during the Korean War Period

Masuda Hajimu, Cornell University

Comment: Gregg Brazinsky, George Washington University


Panel 47: Decolonization, Cold War and the Assault on the Vietnamese Body: Socio-Cultural Approaches

Chair: Mark Bradley, University of Chicago

“Hell in a Very Small Place”: Cold War and Modern Warfare’s Assault on the Southern Body, The Case of Dien Bien Phu

Christopher Goscha, Université du Québec à Montréal

Cold War in a Vietnamese Village

Heonik Kwon, London School of Economics

The Violated Vietnamese Body in the Mekong Delta, 1945-54

Shawn McHale, George Washington University

Comment: Mark Bradley


Panel 48: Zen Masters, War Brides, and a Kamikaze Pilot: The Role of Interpersonal Relations in Furthering Peace Between the U.S. and Japan After World War II

Chair: Naoko Shibusawa, BrownUniversity

Immigrating with Japanese Culture: Japanese War Brides and the “Japan Boom” in 1950s America

Masako Nakamura, University of Connecticut

Lost in Translation: Japanese Fulbright Students as Cultural Interpreters

Shuji Otsuka, North Central College

Zen Is Not A Cult: The First Zen Institute and America’s Zen Boom of 1957-1960

Meghan Warner Mettler, Towson University

Comment: Naoko Shibusawa


Panel 49: Lions, Liaisons, and Lectures, Oh My! Anticolonial Engagements in Cold War America

Chair: Thomas (”Tim”) Borstelmann, University of Nebraska

Imperial Nostalgia: Zoo Keeping, Animal Dealing, and African Liberation in the Early Cold War

John M. Kinder, Oklahoma State University

Meeting with the Enemy: Women Strike for Peace’s Tactics to End the War in Vietnam, 1965­1968

Jessica M. Frazier, Binghamton University

Kennedy’s Balancing Act: The Black Freedom Struggle, the Fourth Dimension of Foreign Policy, and Portugal’s African Territories

Carla R. Stephens, Temple University

Comment: Andrew J. Rotter, Colgate University


Panel 50: Expect the Unexpected: Americans in Germany during the Cold War

Chair: Martin Klimke, German Historical Institute

Post-1945 and Pre-Cold War: Cold War Conflicts and the American Prosecution of Germany’s Forced Labour Past

Christiane Grieb, University College London

“A Net Gain”: The Changing Role of U.S. Military Families in Germany during the Cold War

Emily Swafford, University of Chicago

“A Million Roses for Angela Davis”: The German Democratic Republic’s Solidarity Campaign for Angela Davis

Sophie Lorenz, University of Heidelberg

Comment: Martin Klimke


Panel 51: Oil Shocks: The Transnational Dimensions of Oil in the 1970s

Chair: David Painter, Georgetown University

Oil Sheikhs and the New Arabians: American Perceptions of Saudi Arabia in the 1970s

Paul Baltimore, University of California, Santa Barbara

“Toward a Stable Peace and Expanding Prosperity”: Détente and the Oil Crisis

Kathleen Barr, Texas A&M University

A Higher Purpose: Oil and Finance in U.S. Foreign Policy, 1973 – 1976

Christopher R.W. Dietrich, University of Texas at Austin

The United States, Saudi Arabia, and the Oil Crisis

Victor McFarland, Yale University

Comment: David Painter

Nathan J. Citino, Colorado State University


Panel 52: Why Did They Like the United States? Pro-Americanism in War and Peace During the Twentieth Century

Chair: James I. Matray, California State University, Chico

Alliance, Modernization, and the Pro-American Moment in Turkey, 1945-1954

Barin Kayaoğlu, University of Virginia

Pro-Americanism, Economic Nationalism, and U. S. Relations with Brazil, 1937-1952

Andrew J. Kirkendall, Texas A&M University

Re-Examining Pro-Americanism in Post-World War I Greater Syria

Andrew J. Patrick, University of Manchester and Zayed University

“The inspiration for movements toward free and responsible government”: Early Cold War Uses of the Gettysburg Address

Jared Peatman, Texas A&M University

Comment: James I. Matray


Panel 53: Geopolitics and Military Operations against Non-state Actors in the Maritime Borderlands of the Early Republic

Chair: Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

The Monroe Administration and the U.S. Invasion of Amelia Island, East Florida: Reexamining the Foreign Relations of the Early Republic

David Head, University of Central Florida

Army Operations against Non-state Actors: Peacekeeping, Law Enforcement, and the Extension of U.S. Sovereignty along the Southern Maritime Frontier, 1810-1830

Samuel Watson, United States Military Academy

The First Crisis: Nootka Sound and the Founders’ Competing Conceptions of U.S. Foreign Policy

Jeffrey J. Malanson, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne

Comment: Chris Tudda


Panel 54: Stuck in the Middle with You: Cuba-Canada-United States Relations, 1959-1964

Chair: Robert Anthony Waters, Jr., Ohio Northern University

Canada, the United States and Cuba: The Triangular Relationship through Cuban Diplomatic History, 1959-1962

Raúl Rodríguez Rodríguez, University of Havana

“Stuck in the middle with you”: Canadian Mediation Efforts and the U.S.-Cuba Dispute

Asa McKercher, University of Cambridge

Bridging the Breech: Canadian-U.S. Cooperation on Cuba after the Missile Crisis, 1962-1964

John M. Dirks, University of Toronto

Comment: John Prados, National Security Archive


LUNCHEON: 11:00 AM – 1:00 PM

(Plaza Ballroom B – tickets required)

The Origins of the Bush Doctrine

Andrew J. Bacevich, Boston University


Session VII: 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM

Panel 55: Body/Nation: The Global Realms of U.S. Body Politics, Panel I: Representations of Bodies in Transnational Media

Chair: Emily S. Rosenberg, University of California, Irvine

Moral, Purposeful, and Healthful: Superlative Circus Bodies, and the World of Child’s Play

Janet M. Davis, University of Texas at Austin

Pulp Empire

Shanon Fitzpatrick, University of California, Irvine

“The Most Beautiful Chinese Girl in the World”: Anna May Wong’s Global Cinematic Modernity

Shirley Jennifer Lim, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Comment: Emily S. Rosenberg


Panel 56: The Internationalist Interregnum: Revising the American Narrative from the Great War to the Great Depression

Chair: Erez Manela, Harvard University

A League for the Layperson: Popular Internationalism and the American Treaty Fight, 1918-1922

Trygve Throntveit, Harvard University

“To Make War No More”: Rethinking Varieties of Isolationist Neutralism between the World Wars

Christopher McKnight Nichols, University of Pennsylvania

Spanish Shipping Agents and the Pitfalls of American Neutrality during the 1930s

Brooke Blower, Boston University

Comment: Christopher Capozzola, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Panel 57: Roundtable: Technology and U.S. Foreign Relations

Chair: Jenifer Van Vleck, Yale University

Michael Adas, Rutgers University at New Brunswick

Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Daniel Headrick, Roosevelt University

John Krige, Georgia Institute of Technology

Jonathan Reed Winkler, Wright State University


Panel 58: Negotiating from Weakness: Grassroots Activists, Nongovernmental Organizations and U.S. Power during the Cold War

Chair: Ryan Irwin, Yale University

“A Lethal Environment:” The Ideological Content and Global Compass of the British Antinuclear Movement, 1957-1963

Jonathan R. Hunt, University of Texas at Austin

Shattering the Consensus: Grassroots Opposition to America’s First ABM System, 1967-1969

James Cameron, Cambridge University

Conflict at Sunagawa: Public Protest, Alliance Relations and the Mediation of U.S. Power in Japan, 1952-1960

Jennifer M. Miller, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Comment: Paul H. Rubinson, University of South Florida


Panel 59: Roundtable: Teaching Anniversaries: From 1921 to 9/11 and Other Stops Along the Way: Using Anniversaries to Teach Broader Ideas in U.S. Diplomatic History

Sponsored by the SHAFR Teaching Committee

Chair: Mark A. Stoler, University of Vermont and The George C. Marshall Foundation

Nicole Phelps, University of Vermont

Phyllis Soybel, College of Lake County

Warren Kimball, Rutgers University

Chester Pach, Ohio University

Michael Donoghue, Marquette University

Clea E. Bunch, University of Arkansas at Little Rock


Panel 60: Roundtable: The United States and the Americas: Hemispheric Perspectives 

Chair: Lester D. Langley, University of Georgia

Alan McPherson, University of Oklahoma

María Cristina García, Cornell University

David M. K. Sheinin, Trent University

Tanya Harmer, London School of Economics

Robert A. Pastor, American University

Comment: Lester D. Langley

The Audience


Panel 61: JFK and Africa: A View from the Outside

Chair: Andy DeRoche, Front Range Community College

The Right (or Left) Way of Thinking: The International Conservative Response to the Kennedy Administration’s Foreign Policy in the Congo Crisis, 1961-1963

William T. Mountz, University of Missouri

“A Friend in Europe, an Enemy in Africa”: Portugal and Kennedy’s African Policy

Luís Rodrigues, ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute

The View from Pretoria: Apartheid South Africa’s View of JFK’s Courting of African Nationalist Leaders

Phil Muehlenbeck, George Washington University

“Support to the Wrong Negroes”: LBJ and Africa during the Kennedy Years

James Meriwether, California State University, Channel Islands

Comment: Tim Scarnecchia, Kent State University


Panel 62: The War on Plants: Or How Diplomatic History Learned to Love Nature

Chair: Kurk Dorsey, University of New Hampshire

Engaging Nature: Herbicides, Drug Control, and the Environment in the U.S.-Mexican Drug War, 1970-78

Daniel Weimer, Wheeling Jesuit University

Roots and All: Using Phenoxy Herbicides to Control Weeds – and Communists – in the Early 1960s

Evelyn Krache Morris, Georgetown University

The Invention of Ecocide

David B. Zierler, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Comment: Kurk Dorsey


Panel 63: The Civil War’s Diplomacy of Trade and Investment

Chair: Duncan Campbell, University of Maryland, Baltimore County

The Confederacy’s Diplomacy of Free Trade: Reconsidering the Transatlantic Tariff Debate, 1861-1865

Marc-William Palen, University of Texas at Austin

International Trade in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: A Case for Transatlantic Peace

Niels Eichorn, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Prussian Funding of the Union War Effort, 1860-61

Shawn McAvoy, Arizona State University

Comment: Duncan Campbell


BREAK: 3:00 PM – 3:30 PM

Refreshments served in the Terrace Ballroom


Session VIII: 3:30 PM – 5:30 PM


Panel 64: Body/Nation: The Global Realms of U.S. Body Politics, Panel II: Bodies as National Metaphors

Chair: Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne

“The Olympics’ Prettiest Champion”: Vicki Manolo Draves and the Spectacle of Racial Hybridity and Cold War Liberalism

Mary Lui, Yale University

Making Broken Bodies Whole in a Shell-Shocked World

Annessa Stagner, University of California, Irvine

The American Look: White Women’s Bodies as Cold War Projections

Emily S. Rosenberg, University of California, Irvine

Comment: Barbara Keys


Panel 65: The United States Military in a New World

Chair: Marc Gallicchio, Villanova University

One Strategy Fits All: Air Power Advocates’ Efforts to Shape Postwar American Foreign Policy through Popular Culture

Steven Call, Broome Community College

Decolonizing the U.S. Army: The Last Days of the Philippine Scouts, 1945-1947

Christopher Capozzola, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Transitions: War, Peace, and Cold War at the United States Naval War College, 1945- 1947

Hal Friedman, Henry Ford Community College

Comment: Mark Stoler, University of Vermont


Panel 66: Roundtable: Bringing the Law Back In: New Approaches to the History of the U.S. in the World

Chair: Daniel Margolies, Virginia Wesleyan College

Benjamin Coates, Columbia University

Allison Brownell Tirres, DePaul University College of Law

Robert McGreevey, The College of New Jersey


Panel 67: Beyond Modernization: Non-State Actors and International Development in the Twentieth Century

Chair: Bradley R. Simpson, Princeton University

A Challenge from the South: Global Civil Society and the Formation of Alternative Development Thinking during the 1970s

Victor Nemchenok, University of Virginia

“From the Freeland of Angola”: Global Politics, Congregational Missions, and Angolan Anti-Colonialism in the Post-War Era

Kate Burlingham, California State University, Fullerton

Planning a Miracle

Dayna Barnes, London School of Economics

Small is Beautiful: Environmental NGOs, Appropriate Technology, and International Development in the 1970s

Stephen Macekura, University of Virginia

Comment: Nick Cullather, Indiana University


Panel 68: Stopped at the Gate: Crime, Diplomacy, and Immigration

Chair: Matt Heaton, Virginia Tech

Diplomacy behind Deportations: Rights of Residency and Responsibly under the Criminal Provisions of U.S. Deportation Policy

Torrie Hester, Roanoke College

Italians on the Move: American Immigration Restriction and Illegal Immigration from Italy

Maddalena Marinari, American University

Extraditing Immigrants, Deporting Criminals: International Crime Control in an Era of Anarchy and Revolution

Katherine Unterman, Texas A&M University

Comment: Mark Choate, Brigham Young University


Panel 69: Unlikely Allies: U.S. Mercenaries, Conservative Catholics, and American Indian Movement Dissidents Wage the Contra War

Chair: Dustin Walcher, Southern Oregon University

“Kill ‘em all, let God sort ‘em out:” U.S. mercenaries bringing the Vietnam War to Central America

Kathleen Belew, Yale University

“The Pope is With Us”: The Reagan Administration and Its Catholic Allies Use Religion to Sell the Contras

Theresa Keeley, Northwestern University

A Fourth-World War? Nicaragua’s Contra War as a Battleground over Fourth World Politics, Indian Nations’ Foreign Relations, and the U.S. Left

Kirsten Weld, Brandeis University

Comment: Dustin Walcher


Panel 70: The USA and Southern Africa, 1965-1976

Chair: George White, York College at CUNY

Kaunda’s Quandary: Zambia’s Response to UDI, 1965-1974

Will Bishop, Vanderbilt University

“Within 24 Hours she’s going to do it or she’s going to be hung”: Jean Wilkowski and American Relations with Zambia, 1972-1976

Andy DeRoche, Front Range Community College

“Short Attention Span Diplomacy”: Americans, Rhodesians, and Zimbabweans at the Geneva Talks, November-December, 1976

Tim Scarnecchia, Kent State University

Comment: Eric Morgan, University of Wisconsin – Green Bay


Panel 71: U.S.-Iran Relations during the Sixties and Seventies

Chair: Doug Little, Clark University

A Ford, Not a Nixon: The Failure of the U.S.-Iran Nuclear Negotiations, 1974-1976

Roham Alvandi, London School of Economics and Political Science

U.S.-Iran Relations in the Sixties: From the “Verge of Collapse” to Gendarme of the Gulf

Claudia Castiglioni, University of Florence

“Is the Emperor Fully Clothed?”: The Iranian Student Movement and Transnational Human Rights Organizing

Matthew Shannon, Temple University

Comment: James Goode, Grand Valley State University


Panel 72: American Détente and German Ostpolitik in the 1970s

Chair: Poul Villaume, Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen

The Repercussions of the West German Ostpolitik in Scandinavia

Karl Christian Lammers, Saxo-Institute, University of Copenhagen

Trade as Blessing or Curse? The Implications of East-West Energy Trade on Détente in the 1970s

Werner D. Lippert, Indiana University of Pennsylvania and Robert O. Faith, Indiana University of Pennsylvania

GDR Espionage and Ostpolitik

Oliver Bange, Institute for Military History, Potsdam

Competing American Strategies for Détente and their Interplay with Ostpolitik

Stephan Kieninger, Mannheim University

Comment: Poul Villaume


SOCIAL EVENT: 7:00 PM – 10:00 PM

Clambake at Foster’s at National Harbor. Tickets required. Please see conference website for details.