SHAFR 2013 Annual Meeting

America and the World — The World and America

Thursday, June 20, 2013 - 9:00am to Saturday, June 22, 2013 - 5:00pm

Renaissance Arlington Capital View. 2800 South Potomac Ave, Arlington, VA 22202

This webpage has been deactivated but is being preserved for archival purposes.

Conference Program


SHAFR Council Meeting: 8:00 AM – 12:45 PM, Studio A

SHAFR Teaching Committee Meeting: 8:00 – 10:00 AM, Boardroom

Registration: 10:00 AM – 5:00 PM, Second Floor Reception Area

Book Exhibit: 12:00 – 5:00 PM, Second Floor Reception Area

Special Session on Conducting Research at NARA: 10:00 AM – 12:00 PM, Studio B

David Langbart, Senior Archivist, National Archives and Record Administration, will provide an overview of how to conduct research in the variety of records related to foreign relations, and devote substantial time to answering questions about research projects.


Session I: 1:00-3:00 PM (Panels 1-10)


Panel 1: Expanding the Field in the Classroom: A Practical Guide to Teaching New Topics in the History of American Foreign Relations

Citizen Protection Cases: Where Everyday People Meet the State

Nicole M. Phelps, University of Vermont

Crude Lessons: Integrating Oil into the History of U.S. Foreign Relations

David S. Painter, Georgetown University

Law and Hidden Histories of 19th Century American Foreign Relations

Benjamin Coates, Wake Forest University

Explaining the Concept of Transnational History to Students

Brooke L. Blower, Boston University

Comment: the audience


Panel 2: Sport and Foreign Relations in a Global Age

Chair: Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University

“Kenya’s Foreign Legion”: Running for the NCAA in the Wake of Independence

Jessica M. Chapman, Williams College

Supporting Detroit: The State Department’s Role in the NATO Working Group on the 1968 Olympic Games

Heather L. Dichter, Ithaca College

Surfing as Cultural Diplomacy

Scott Laderman, University of Minnesota Duluth

Comment: Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu, Michigan State University


Panel 3: Congress and Foreign Policy: The Cold War and Beyond

Chair: Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

The Fodor-Fulbright Correspondence, Congress, and Public Diplomacy

Fabienne Gouverneur, Andrássy University Budapest

Fulbright’s Middle East: Ideology and Congressional Influence on Foreign Policy

James Stocker, Trinity Washington University

Reagan vs. Congress: The Fight to Sell AWACS to Saudi Arabia

Christopher Maynard, University of North Alabama

The U.S. Congress and the UN Sanctions on Iraq, 1990-2003

Joy Gordon, Fairfield University

Comment: Chris Tudda


Panel 4: The United States and Israel: Diplomacy and Strategy, 1948-1968

Chair: Peter Hahn, Ohio State University

The Struggle Over the Status Quo: The United States, Israel and the Issue of Jerusalem, 1948-1967

Gadi Heimann, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

The United States, Israel, and the Crisis over Gaza, 1956-1957

Asaf Siniver, University of Birmingham

The United States, Israel and Nuclear Desalination, 1964-1968

Zach Levey, University of Haifa

Comment: Paul Chamberlin, University of Kentucky


Panel 5: If Kennedy Had Lived: U.S.-Latin American Relations in the 1960s

Chair: Jeffrey Taffet, United States Merchant Marine Academy

If Kennedy Had Lived: Contingency Planning for Brazil and Chile in the Kennedy Administration

Andrew J. Kirkendall, Texas A&M University

Kennedy, Johnson, and the Cold War Calculus of Mexico’s Relations with Cuba

Renata Keller, Boston University

Democratic Hard-Liners and Hard-Line Democrats: The Kennedy-Johnson Transition and the Venezuelan Call for a Tougher Stand Against Latin American Communism, 1963-1964

Aragorn Storm Miller, Cornell University

“The historian must talk of two Alliances for Progress”: Kennedy, Johnson, and Latin American Policy, 1961-1968

Thomas Tunstall Allcock, University of Nottingham

Comment: Jeffrey Taffet


Panel 6: The American-Vietnam War in Media, Museums, and Memory

Chair: Mark Bradley, University of Chicago

The Gendered World of Charlie Company: How Soldiers Who Killed Could Also Wear Peace Signs in the American/Vietnam War

Martin Smith, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Transnational Reconciliation at Khe Sanh/Tà Cơn Museum and Air Base

Christina Schwenkel, University of California, Riverside

Agent Orange Remembered (Or Not) in Vietnam and the U.S.

Leslie J. Reagan, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Comment: Christian G. Appy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst


Panel 7: New Perspectives on Development in the Third World and the Cold War in the ‘long’ 1950s

Chair: Robert McMahon, Ohio State University

Khrushchev, the Cold War and Soviet Central Asia

Artemy M. Kalinovsky, University of Amsterdam

Adapting to the New World: Mexico’s Modernization Project at the Outset of the Cold War, 1947-1952

Vanni Pettinà, Colegio de Mexico

The Eisenhower Administration, Destalinization, and Khrushchev’s Economic Offensive in the Third World, 1955-56

Wes Ullrich, London School of Economics and Political Science

Comment: Mario Del Pero, University of Bologna


Panel 8: NATO: An Alliance of Democracies?

Chair: Patrick Jackson, American University

The West and Democracy: The Gradual Evolution of an Uneasy Relationship

Jasper Trautsch German Historical Institute

The Dangers of Democracy? Re-thinking NATO’s “Shared Values and Common Heritage”

Timothy Sayle, Temple University

“Thinking EC,” “Thinking NATO”: Transatlantic Relations in the Era of Détente

Harold Mock, University of Virginia

Comment: Ronald Granieri, Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense


Panel 9: Volunteers or Vanguard? Coercion, Civic-Mindedness, and American Humanitarianism in Response to the Great War

Chair: Mark Hendrickson, University of California-San Diego

Unraveling American Neutrality: American Humanitarians and the Crusade to Save Belgium, 1914-1917

Branden Little, Weber State University

How to Raise a Volunteer Army: Explaining Why American Humanitarians Served Overseas in the First World War Era

Julia Irwin, University of South Florida

Crusaders or Coerced Citizens? Motivations behind American Relief Workers in France, 1917-1924

Michael McGuire, Salem State University

“Democratic Leadership by Women for Women”: The Historical Case of a Transnational Partnership between the U.S. and Czechoslovakia

Erika Cornelius Smith, Purdue University

Comment: Mark Hendrickson


Panel 10: Nuclear Cooperation and Competition between Brazil, Germany, and the United States in the Early Cold War

Chair: William G. Gray, Purdue University,

Nuclear Science after the Bomb: The Evolution of American and British Policies toward Nuclear Science during the Early Occupation of Germany

Mary McPartland, The George Washington University

The German Connection: The Origins of the Brazilian Nuclear Program and the Secret West German-Brazilian Cooperation in the Early 1950s

Carlo Patti, Fundação Getulio Vargas

The Nuclear Nation and the German Question: American Plans for A Reactor in West Berlin

Mara Drogan, Siena College

Comment: William G. Gray


BREAK: 3:00- 3:30 PM

Sponsored by Cambridge University Press

Coffee and light refreshments served in the reception area.


Session II: 3:30 – 5:30 PM (Panels 11-20)


Panel 11: Roundtable: The U.S. Armed Forces in America and in the World

Chair: Richard Immerman, Temple University

Aaron B. O’Connell, United States Naval Academy

Gretchen Heefner, Connecticut College

Kate Epstein, University of Rutgers-Camden


Panel 12: The Cold War in Asia: A Multilateral Approach

Chair: Erez Manela, Harvard University

Marshall Green and the Formation of the U.S. East Asian Policy, 1947-73

Midori Yoshii, Albion College

Miki Takeo’s Initiative on the Korean Question and U.S.-Japanese Diplomacy, 1974-76

Seung-young Kim, University of Sheffield

China’s Last Ally: Beijing’s Policy toward North Korea during the U.S.-China Rapprochement, 1971-76

Yafeng Xia, Long Island University

Comment: Gregg Brazinsky, George Washington University


Panel 13: Nuclear Proliferation and Challenges to the U.S.-led Global Nuclear Order

Chair: Anna-Mart van Wyk, Monash University

Chasing Schrödinger’s Cat: Australia and U.S. Extended Nuclear Deterrence, 1945-1973

Christine M. Leah, Australian National University

Brazil’s Nuclear Politics Under U.S. Influence: Between Acceptance and Equidistance

Mariana Carpes, German Institute of Global and Area Studies

“Closing the Barn Door: U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy and the Israeli Nuclear Programme during the 1960s

Roland Popp, Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich

Inevitable but Highly Controversial? The Accession of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to the NPT (1967-1975)

Andreas Lutsch, University of Mainz

Comment: Joseph F. Pilat, Los Alamos National Laboratory


Panel 14: U.S. Subjects at Home and Abroad

Chair: Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Humanity Begins at Home: America’s First Refugees and the Roots of U.S. Humanitarianism

Bethany Sharpe, University of Kentucky

Economies of Childrearing and the Formation of American Colonialism in Hawai’i, 1820-1848

Joy Schulz, Metropolitan Community College

Forgiving Empire: Debt and Difference in the Age of Decolonization

Allan Lumba, University of Washington-Seattle

Comment: Daniel Immerwahr, Northwestern University


Panel 15: U.S. Diplomacy, the Congo Crisis, and the Relation between the Cold War and Decolonization, 1960-1980

Chair: Ryan Irwin, University at Albany-SUNY

The Soviet Union and the Congo Crisis, 1960-61

Alessandro Iandolo, New Economic School, Moscow

The United Nations and the Congo Crisis (ONUC 1960-1964)

Katrin Zippel, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität

America in Africa, Africa in America: The Changing Relationship during the Johnson Years

James Meriwether, California State University, Channel Islands

Comment: Ryan Irwin


Panel 16: America, Britain and the World of the 1960s and 1970s

Chair: Thomas A. Schwartz, Vanderbilt University

Anglo-American Relations and Black Africa in a Changing World

John Kent, London School of Economics

The U.S. Embassy in London and Britain’s Withdrawal from East of Suez in the 1960s

John Young, University of Nottingham

Henry Kissinger, Transatlantic Relations, and the British Origins of the Year of Europe Dispute

Matthew Jones, University of Nottingham

IDEAS, America, Britain and the Challenge of Southern Europe in the 1970s

Irene Karamouzis, Yale University and Effie Pedaliu, London School of Economics

Comment: Michael Hopkins, Liverpool University


Panel 17: Space and Empire

Chair: Paul Kramer, Vanderbilt University

Remaking Housing Policy in the Americas: Colombia and the United States, 1950-1980

Amy Offner, University of Pennsylvania

Wheat for Homes and American Housing Investments in Peru, 1959-1962

Nancy Kwak, University of California at San Diego

Habitat for Non-Humanity: Foreign-Trade Zones and the Political Economy of the Customs Territory

Dara Orenstein, Wesleyan University

Comment: Paul Kramer


Panel 18: No Laughing Matter: The Use of Comics in Foreign Relations

Chair: Emily Rosenberg, University of California, Irvine

Drawing the Line: Alliance for Progress Comic Books and the Fight Against Castro’s Cuba in Latin America

Blair Woodard, University of Portland

Sanmao Takes on Little Moe: Comics in the Cold War Propaganda Contest in Asia

Meredith Oyen, University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Defining the Enemy: State-Sanctioned Propaganda Comic Books at Home and Abroad, 1942-1945

Paul Hirsch, University of California, Santa Barbara


Panel 19: Agents of Influence: Alternative Diplomacies and Political Travelers in the Cold War Era

Chair: Andrew Preston, Clare College, University of Cambridge

Convenient Optimists: American Political Travelers in the Eyes of the PRC Foreign Policy Establishment

Matthew D. Johnson, Grinnell College

Dixieland in Bombay: U.S. Cultural Diplomacy and the Importance of Playing Together

Danielle Fosler-Lussier, The Ohio State University

The Limits of Internationalism: American Political Travelers to France and the Rise of Travel Control in the Long 1960s

Moshik Temkin, Harvard University

Comment: Andrew Rotter, Colgate University


Panel 20: Transnational Labor and U.S. Foreign Relations

Chair: John Stoner, University of Pittsburgh

Race, Empire, and the Debate over the Labor Clauses of the Versailles Peace Treaty

Elizabeth McKillen, University of Maine

“Spearheads of Democracy” and the “Special Relationship”: The Histadrut, American Labor, and U.S.-Israeli Relations South of the Sahara, 1954 to 1960

Aaron Dowdall, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The AFL-CIO’s Behind the Scenes Maneuvering against the Women’s Committee

Yevette Richards-Jordan, George Mason University

Comment: Dana Frank, University of California, Santa Cruz


WELCOME RECEPTION: 5:45 – 7:00 PM, Studio C and Second Floor Reception Area

All registrants are invited to join us for light hors d’oeuvres and drinks. Beer, wine and soft drinks will be available. Each registrant will receive two drink tickets; bar will be on a cash basis thereafter.


PLENARY SESSION: 7:00 – 9:00 PM, Salon 4

America and the World – the World and America: Writing American Diplomatic History in the Longue Durée

Chair: George C. Herring, University of Kentucky

Discussants: John W. Hall, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Jay Sexton, Oxford University

Kristin L. Hoganson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Paul A. Kramer, Vanderbilt University

Response: Erez Manela, Harvard University

Anne L. Foster, Indiana State University


FRIDAY, 21 JUNE 2013

Job Search Workshop: 7:00 – 9:00 AM, Salon 4

Diplomatic History Editorial Board Meeting: 7:30 – 9:00 AM, Boardroom

Registration: 8:00 AM – 3:30 PM, Second Floor Reception Area

Book Exhibit: 8:00 AM – 3:30 PM, Second Floor Reception Area


Session III: 9:00 – 11:00 AM (Panels 21-32)


Panel 21: Roundtable: The Global Links and Legacies of the New Deal: The Limits of Decentering the United States in Global History

Chair: David Ekbladh, Tufts University

Vincent Lagendijk, Maastricht University

Lisa McGirr, Harvard University

Kiran Klaus Patel, Maastricht University


Panel 22: Jobs for the Ph.D. Outside Academia

Chair: Nicholas Evan Sarantakes, U.S. Naval War College

Public History

Jason H. Gart, History Associates


Luke Nichter, Texas A&M University – Central Texas

Think Tanks

Jim Carafano, The Heritage Foundation

Federal Government History

Sarandis (Randy) Papadopoulos, U.S. Navy

Foreign Service

William Morgan, U.S. Marine Corps Command & Staff College

Historical Editing

Benjamin Huggins, The Papers of George Washington


Steve Luckert, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum


Panel 23: The 1970s: A Decade of Arms Control, Disarmament and Nuclear Non Proliferation

Chair: Erin Mahan, Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense

The United Nations and Non-Proliferation, 1955-1981

Mervyn O’Driscoll, University College Cork

SALT I: The European Dimension

Ralph Dietl, Queen’s University Belfast

MBFR: A Strategic Analysis

Christoph Bluth, University of Leeds

Against the Tide: Arms Control Critics and the Emergence of a Conservative Counterculture, 1969-1980

Ronald Granieri, Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense

Comment: William Burr, National Security Archive and George Washington University


Panel 24: Spain and the Global World, 1870-1930: Defying Conventional Narratives of U.S.-Spain Relations

Chair: Brooke L. Blower, Boston University

Diplomatic Backing for the American Invaders? U.S. Economic expansión in Spain, 1870-1900

Andrés Sánchez Padilla, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Negotiating Modernity: Singer in Spain, 1890-1915

Paula de la Cruz, Florida International University

Between Hispanophobia and Hispanophilia: Spanish Immigrants in the United States and the Legacy of Empire

Ana María Varela-Lago, Northern Arizona University

Comment: José A. Montero, Universidad Complutense de Madrid


Panel 25: The “Painful Moment”: The United States and Rhodesia, 1975-77

Chair: Sue Onslow, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London

Good Strategy or Good Timing? Jimmy Carter’s Rhodesian Diplomacy

Will Bishop, Vanderbilt University

“They must get on and play the hand accordingly”: Pretoria and the Kissinger Initiatives on Southern Africa

Jamie Miller, University of Cambridge and Yale University

Ripe for Settlement? Kissinger’s Attempted Mediation of the Rhodesian Conflict

Carl Watts, University of Michigan and University of Southampton

Comment: Timothy Scarnecchia, Kent State University


Panel 26: Reciprocal Impact: Inter-American Capitalisms and U.S. Empire in the 20th Century

Chair: Cyrus Veeser, Bentley University

Dark Finance & Odious Debt: The Chase Manhattan Bank in Cuba, 1926-1935

Peter James Hudson, Vanderbilt University

“The Crowning of Injustice”: Price Politics and the Passing of the “Century of the Common Man” in Chile

Joshua Frens-String, New York University

Cold War Drug Wars: Cuba & the United States

Suzanna Reiss, University of Hawai`i Mānoa

Sovereignty, Property Rights, and (Inter)Nationalism: Mexico Crashes Versailles

Christy Thornton, New York University

Comment: Cyrus Veeser


Panel 27: The Cold War in Southeast Asia and American Power

Chair: Ronald Spector, George Washington University

The MCP, the MCA, and Chinese “Nationalist Internationalism” in the Cold War World

Anna Belogurova, Nanyang Technological University

Military Concerns and Popular Music: American Interests and Influence in Singapore, 1967-1973

Jason Lim, University of Wollongong

Exploiting the Cold War: Southeast Asia and American Power

S.R. Joey Long, Nanyang Technological University

The Vietnamese Invasion of Kampuchea (December 1978) and the Sino-Vietnamese War (February 1979): An International-History Perspective

Ang Cheng Guan, Nanyang Technological University

Comment: Doug MacDonald, Colgate University


Panel 28: Ending the Cold War in Central Europe

Chair: Aviel Roshwald, Georgetown University

The Demise of the Soviet Bloc

Mark Kramer, Harvard University

“Protecting the Right Flank”: Presidents Reagan & Bush and the End of the Cold War

Günter Bischof, University of New Orleans

New Perspectives from Soviet-Era Documents on Austrian Cold War Neutrality and Its Changing Nature in the 1980s

Peter Ruggenthaler, Boltzmann-Institute for Research on War Consequences, Graz

Mrs. Thatcher and German Unification

Klaus Larres, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Comment: Berthold Molden, University of New Orleans


Panel 29: Asian-American Transnationalism and Politics: The First Half of the Twentieth Century

Chair: Naoko Shibusawa, Brown University

A Tale of Two Leagues: Entwining the Fight for Indian Immigration and Independence during World War II

Jane Hong, Harvard University

Towards a Transnational History of Japanese Internment

Nick Kapur, Harvard University

The Transnational Path to Nationalist Revolution: The Circle of Yuan Shikai

Steffen Rimner, Harvard University

Comment: Naoko Shibusawa


Panel 30: Interrogating the Limits of Possibility: Race and Gender at the United Nations, 1946-1956

Chair: Erik McDuffie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

India’s Case Against South Africa: Print Culture and the Rhetoric of Possibility at the UN General Assembly

Julie Laut, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Soviet Strategies at the UN: The Colonized Woman and Cold War Politics, 1946-1956

Giusi Russo, State University of New York (SUNY) Binghamton

“We have a definitive stake and a definite contribution to make”: African American Women, the United Nations and the Making of the Post-World War II World

Julie Gallagher, Penn State Brandywine

Comment: Karen Garner, State University of New York (SUNY) Empire State College


Panel 31: Evangelical Projections

Chair: Seth Jacobs, Boston College

Accidental Diplomats: The Influence of American Evangelical Missionaries on US Relations with the Congo during the Early Cold War, 1959-1963

Philip Dow, University of Cambridge

To Support a “Brother in Christ”: Evangelical Groups and U.S.-Guatemalan Relations during the Ríos Montt Regime

Lauren Turek, University of Virginia

Witness to Apartheid

Melani McAlister, George Washington University

Gospel Glasnost: Billy Graham, the State Department, and the Politics of Iron Curtain Evangelization

Benjamin Brandenburg, Temple University

Comment: Andrew Preston, Clare College, University of Cambridge


Panel 32: The Place of Space in U.S. Foreign Relations

Chair: Martin Collins, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution

The Space Race and American Public Diplomacy

Teasel Muir-Harmony, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Soviet-American Collaboration in Weather Satellites: Cold War Ideology and Scientific Practice

Angelina Long Callahan, Naval Research Laboratory

NASA as an Instrument of Nonproliferation

John Krige, Georgia Institute of Technology


LUNCHEON: 11:00 AM – 1:00 PM, Salon 4

Pre-registration and tickets required.

The United States and the Global Human Rights Imagination

Mark Philip Bradley, University of Chicago

SHAFR President


Session IV: 1:00 – 3:00 PM (Panels 33-44)


Panel 33: Roundtable: Where is SHAFR Headed? Assessing Our Advances in Diversity

Petra Goedde, Temple University

Kelly Shannon, University of Alaska Anchorage

Katherine Sibley, St. Joseph’s University


Panel 34: The Origins of the Iraq War: A Ten Year Retrospective on the Knowns and the Unknowns

Chair: Melvyn Leffler, University of Virginia

Seth Center, U.S. Department of State

Charles Duelfer, UNSCOM

J. Scott Norwood, Naval Postgraduate School

David Palkki, National Defense University


Panel 35: Challenges to the American Nuclear Order


Panelists have been awarded funding by the Membership and Program Committees as part of the SHAFR Global Scholars Initiative.

Chair: Leopoldo Nuti, University of Rome 3

Carter’s Dilemma: South Africa’s Nuclear Crises, 1977-1979

Lucky Asuelime and Raquel Adekoye, University of KwaZulu-Natal

The Politics of the Atom: United States and the Odyssey of the Franco-Indian Nuclear Dissidence, 1950-1974

Jayita Sarkar, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

The Nixon Administration and the Coming into Force of the NPT

Liu Lei, Nanjing University

A Flash in the Pan: Romania and the NPT, 1968-1975

Eliza Gheorghe, University of Mainz

Comment: Joseph F. Pilat, National Security Office, Los Alamos National Laboratory


Panel 36: The Problems and Possibilities of Immigration in American Foreign Relations

Chair: Ralph B. Levering, Davidson College

“Locking the Stable Door After the Horse is Stolen:” American Debates over Efforts to Restrict Anarchist Immigration, 1890-1903

Alexander P. Noonan, Boston College

The United States’ Immigration Experience in the Australian Imagination, 1901-1924

David Atkinson, Purdue University

Sport, Immigration, and Cold War Cultural Diplomacy in the United States, 1956-1970

Anne Blaschke, Bridgewater State University

Comment: Meredith Oyen, University of Maryland, Baltimore County


Panel 37: U.S. “Air Power” during World War II and the Early Cold War: The Voice of America and a Precursor

Chair: Robert Waters, Ohio Northern University

Domestic Influences on India’s Foreign Policy: The VOA Controversy, 1962-1963

Eric D. Pullin, Carthage College

Broadcasting by the Voice of America (VOA) to Czechoslovakia during the 1940s and 1950s

Jan Koura, Charles University

World War II Thai Language Broadcasts: Precursor to the U.S. Cold War Propaganda Program in Thailand

Bruce Reynolds, San Jose State University

Comment: Michael Krysko, Kansas State University


Panel 38: Carter, Reagan and the Middle East

Chair: Paul Chamberlin, University of Kentucky

“Joining the Jackals:” Andy Young, the Middle East and Carter’s Failed Demarche to World Opinion

Sean Byrnes, Emory University

Jimmy and the Jets: Capitol Hill Fight over the Carter Administration’s 1978 Middle East Warplanes Package Sale

Daniel Strieff, London School of Economics

Neoconservatives Rising: Reagan’s Cold War in the Middle East, 1980-1982

Seth Anziska, Columbia University

Taking the Battle Abroad: The Lebanese Pursuit of American Support during the Lebanese Civil War

Laila Ballout, Northwestern University

Comment: William Quandt, University of Virginia


Panel 39: Diplomacy and the Politics of U.S-Latin American Cultural Exchange, 1900-1945

Chair: Stephen G. Rabe, University of Texas at Dallas

Grassroots Diplomacy: The OCIAA and Philanthropic Diplomacy in Latin America during World War II

Monica Rankin, University of Texas at Dallas

The Origins of Civic Pan Americanism: John Barrett and the Pan American Society

Dina Berger, Loyola University Chicago

“Factories that Forge the Soul”: Student Exchange and U.S-Latin American Relations, 1933-1945

Julie Irene Prieto, Stanford University

Comment: Dennis Merrill, University of Missouri, Kansas City


Panel 40: The Twentieth Anniversary of the Journal of American-East Asian Relations: What Next?

Chair: Charles Hayford, Independent Scholar, Emeritus, Past Editor, JAEAR

Michael Barnhart, SUNY, Stony Brook, Founding Editor, JAEAR

Franklin Ng, California State, Fresno, Past Editor, JAEAR

T. Christopher Jespersen, University of North Georgia, Past Editor, JAEAR

James Matray, California State, Chico, Editor, JAEAR

Naoko Shibusawa, Brown University, Associate Editor, JAEAR

Andrew Rotter, Colgate University


Panel 41: The Cold War Through Third World Eyes: Third World Understandings of and Policy in the Cold War

Chair: Joseph Andy Fry, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Containing Their Own Backyard: Dictators and Counterrevolutionary Exiles in the Early “Cold” War in Central America and the Caribbean, 1944-1954

Aaron Moulton, University of Arkansas

Sovereignty and Unity in the Face of Imperialist Distraction: Arab Nationalists and the Cold War in the 1950s

R. Thomas Bobal, Georgia State University

A Luta Continua: Portuguese Africa and American Anti-colonialism

Joseph Parrott, University of Texas at Austin

Comment: Chris Dietrich, Fordham University


Panel 42: Developing Alternatives: New Perspectives on Development Thought and Practice during the Early Cold War Era

Chair: Thomas Robertson, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

From Small to Big: The Politics of Scale in Twentieth Century U.S. Development Policy

Stephen Macekura, University of Virginia

The Rinderpest Campaign and Interspecies Internationalism

Amanda McVety, Miami University

Developing the Village in Order to Save It: Development Ideas and Counterinsurgency Warfare in South Vietnam, 1950-1975

Edward Miller, Dartmouth College

Comment: Thomas Robertson


Panel 43: Challenging Government: The Contributions of Anna Kasten Nelson

Chair: Richard Immerman, Temple University, and Chair of the Historical Advisory Committee, U.S. Department of State

On the area of national security research: I. M. Destler, University of Maryland

On the area of women in foreign policy: Emily S. Rosenberg, University of California, Irvine

On the area of access to archives: Trudy Huskamp Peterson, Chair, Working Group on Access, International Council on Archives

Overview and reflections: Robert L. Beisner, American University


Panel 44: Teaching America to the World and the World to America

Sponsored by the SHAFR Teaching Committee

Chair: Chester Pach, Ohio University

Traveling to Vietnam with Students

Jessica Chapman, Williams College

Traveling to Germany with Students; Serving as Mary Ball Washington Professor at University College Dublin

Kenneth Osgood, Colorado School of Mines

Teaching U.S. History in the UK; Distance Teaching and Learning

J. Simon Rofe, SOAS University of London

Teaching U.S. Foreign Relations in Ireland

Sandra Scanlon, University College Dublin


BREAK: 3:00 – 3:30 PM

Coffee and light refreshments served in the reception area. Please note that the Book Exhibit and Registration Desk will close at 3:30 PM today.


Session V: 3:30 – 5:30 PM (Panels 45-51)

Please note that some panels during this session are located on the first floor of the adjoining Marriott Residence Inn. You can reach the Residence Inn through a door at the end of the hallway past Studio D and Studio E. Go downstairs to the first floor for Potomac 1 and Potomac 2.


Panel 45: Security versus Transparency as Exemplified Through the History of the “Foreign Relations of the United States” Series

Chair: William B. McAllister, Office of the Historian, Department of State & Georgetown University

Joshua Botts, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Melvyn P. Leffler, University of Virginia

Robert E. Jervis, Columbia University

Mary L. Dudziak, Emory University School of Law

Robert McMahon, Ohio State University


Panel 46: Questioning the NPT: The Evolution of the U.S. Nuclear Policy and the Middle East from the Nixon Administration to the End of the Cold War

Chair: Roland Popp: Center for Security Studies, ETH – Zurich

Presidential Preference: Determining the Place for the NPT in American Policy

Megan Reiss, University of Texas at Austin

Twin Pillars Policy and Non-proliferation: The United States and the FRG-Iran Nuclear Agreement

Vittorio Felci, University of Szeged

Present Dangers: The Debate on Deterrence and Proliferation Inside the First Reagan Administration

Giordana Pulcini, University of Roma Tre

U.S. Deterrence Performances in the Gulf War in Light of New Iraqi Documents

Avner Golov, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya

Comment: Francis J. Gavin, University of Texas at Austin


Panel 47: Crafting a New World Order: The Foreign Policy of the George H.W. Bush Administration

Chair: Jeffrey A. Engel, Southern Methodist University

Presidential Peacemaking: President George H.W. Bush and the End of the Cold War, 1989-91

J. Simon Rofe, University of London

War on the Line: Telephone Diplomacy and the Building and Maintenance of the Desert Storm Coalition

Jeffrey Crean, Texas A&M University

Dancing with the (Media) Stars: How the Bush White House Courted and Competed with the Press over the 1990-91 Persian Gulf War

Bartholomew Sparrow, University of Texas at Austin

How the U.S. Shaped the Security Council Sanctions on Iraq, 1990-1991

Joy Gordon, Fairfield University

Comment: David F. Schmitz, Whitman College


Panel 48: Cold War Connections and World Communities in the 1960s and 1970s

Chair: Pierre Journoud, Cornell University

Breaking the Gavel: The Cold War and the Historic U.N. General Assembly 15th Session, September 1960

Lise Namikas, Louisiana State University

“Nkrumah Promised Mountains and Marvels”: Congo, Algeria, and the Battle for Africa in the Early 1960s

Jeffrey Byrne, University of British Columbia

Diplomacy and Third World Solidarities: 20 Years of Zimbabwean Cold War Diplomatic Maneuvering, 1963-1983

Tim Scarnecchia, Kent State University

Firing Andrew Young: Race and the Cold War in August 1979

Nancy Mitchell, North Carolina State University

Comment: Mark Atwood Lawrence, University of Texas at Austin


Panel 49: Encounters: American Occupation Policy and Diplomacy in Postwar Germany

Chair: Heather Dichter, Ithaca College

Equality Before Efficiency: American Antitrust Law and European Integration

Ben Brady, University of Virginia

Punishment or Persuasion?: The American Occupation of Germany and the Experiment of Denazification, 1945-1949

W. Mikkel Dack, University of Calgary

American Suppliers: Informal Diplomacy in the Illicit Postwar German Economy

Mike Fasulo, Texas A & M University

The Seeds of Totalitarianism: American Voluntary Agencies and the German Family in U.S.-Occupied Germany

Sara Fieldston, Yale University

Comment: Heather Dichter


Panel 50: The Politics of Human Rights and Humanitarianism

Chair: Kristin L. Ahlberg, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Human Rights in the United Nations: A Reappraisal

Amy Sayward, Middle Tennessee State University

The International Politics of Welfare: Egypt, India and U.S. Food Aid, 1940s-1950s

Samantha Iyer, University of California, Berkeley

The “Irish Question” Redux: The Ulster Troubles as an Anglo-American Human Rights Problem

Joseph Renouard, The Citadel

Comment: Kristin L. Ahlberg


Panel 51: Culture and American-European-Cuban Connections during the Cold War

Chair: Laura Belmonte, Oklahoma State University

Building Bridges Across the Atlantic: The European Union Visitors Program: A Case Study for Public Diplomacy and the Transatlantic Relationship in the Seventies

Alessandra Bitumi, University of Bologna

Return: U.S.-Soviet-Cuban Dance Diplomacy at the Close of the Cold War

Lauren Erin Brown, Marymount Manhattan College

“Very Correct Adversaries”: Ice Hockey and Czechoslovak-U.S. Relations

John Soares, University of Notre Dame

Comment: Nicholas Cull, University of Southern California


SOCIAL EVENT: 7:00 – 11:00 PM

Dinner dance at Top of the Town in Alexandria. Pre-registration and tickets required. See ad in this program for more information. Space is limited so plan ahead!



Registration: 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM, Second Floor Reception Area

Book Exhibit: 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM, Second Floor Reception Area

Breakfast Forum: 8:00 – 9:00 AM, Salon 4

The Crisis in Public Higher Education: A SHAFR Response

Please join us for a broad discussion on the crisis in public higher education. Light breakfast refreshments will be served.

Moderator: Scott Laderman, University of Minnesota Duluth

Comments: Laura Belmonte, Oklahoma State University

Christopher Endy, California State University, Los Angeles

Julie Laut, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Fredrik Logevall, Cornell University

Bevan Sewell, University of Nottingham


Session VI: 9:00 – 11:00 AM (Panels 52-63)


Panel 52: Why Do Emotions Matter in International History?

Chair: Frank Costigliola, University of Connecticut

The Honour Game: Pride and Humiliation in Europe’s 1914 July Crisis

Ute Frevert, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Carter and Sadat: Politics, Friendship, and Peace

Tizoc Chavez, Vanderbilt University

The Trauma of Vietnam and the Rise of Human Rights

Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne

Comment: Frank Costigliola


Panel 53: Roundtable: The Test Ban Treaty 50 Years On: New Perspectives on Nuclear Arms Control and the Cold War

Chair: David Holloway, Stanford University

James Goodby, Hoover Institution and Center for Northeast Asia Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution

Benjamin Greene, Bowling Green State University

Toshihiro Higuchi, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Paul Rubinson, Bridgewater State University

John R. Walker, Arms Control and Disarmament Research Unit, United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office


Panel 54: Independence in the International Realm: From the Revolution to the Fisheries Dispute of 1852

Chair: J.C.A. Stagg, University of Virginia

The Law of Nations in John Jay’s Mission to Spain

Benjamin Lyons, Columbia University

A “Necessary” War: John Adams and the War of 1812

Rhonda Barlow, University of Virginia

The Not-So-Special Relationship: The United States, Great Britain, and the Fisheries Dispute of 1852

Thomas Blake Earle, Rice University

“America’s most important colonial possession”: The American Invasion of the British World, 1867-1914

Stephen Tuffnell, University of Oxford



Panel 55: The Roots of a Republican Postwar Foreign Policy, 1945-1955

Chair: Fredrik Logevall, Cornell University

Post-war Conservative Visions of World Order: The Significance of Robert Taft’s Foreign Policy for Americans

Christopher McKnight Nichols, Oregon State University

The American Occupations of Germany and Japan as the First Lessons in Building the New Global Economic Order

Grant Madsen, Brigham Young University

Harold Stassen and the U.S. Government’s University Contracts Abroad Program in the 1950s

Ethan Schrum, University of Virginia

Comment: Andrew Johns, Brigham Young University


Panel 56: Domestic Politics and Diplomacy: U.S. Relations with Central America and the Caribbean during the Late Cold War

Chair: Dustin Walcher, Southern Oregon University

A Failure of Dialogue: U.S. Policy toward Cuba and the Cuban American Community, 1977-1980

Hideaki Kami, Ohio State University & University of Tokyo

Citizen Diplomacy and Transnational Politics in the Contra War

Roger Peace, Tallahassee Community College

Creating a Just Cause: Noriega, Drugs, and Justifying Intervention in Post-Cold War Latin America

Aileen Teague, Vanderbilt University

Comment: Alan McPherson, University of Oklahoma


Panel 57: “Peoples Quite Apart”: Americans in South Vietnam & South Vietnamese in America during the Second Indochina War

Chair: George Herring, University of Kentucky

Between the Paris of the Orient and Ho Chi Minh City: Imaginings and Reportage in Wartime Saigon, 1954-1975

Jeffrey A. Keith, Warren Wilson College

American Intervention and South Vietnamese Nationalism in Duyên Anh’s Giặc Ô kê (The Okay Invaders) and Mơ thành người Quang Trung (Aspire to be Quang Trung)

Nu-Anh Tran, University of California, Berkeley

South Vietnamese in the U.S. against U.S. policy in Vietnam: Unintended Consequences of a U.S. Nation-State Building Initiative

Nguyet Nguyen, American University

Comment: John Prados, National Security Archive


Panel 58: The Cold War After Stalin: New International Evidence

Chair: Mark Kramer, Harvard University

Formulating a “Peace Zone”: The Soviet Union and China’s Foreign Policy During the 1950s

Tao Wang, Yale University

Carving A Diplomatic Niche? Examining the April 1956 Soviet Visit to Britain as a Missed Opportunity for Cold War De-escalation

Simon Miles, University of Texas at Austin

Discrimination through Registration: International Human Rights and the Repression of the Crimean Tatars during De-Stalinization

Andrew Straw, University of Texas at Austin

Comment: Timothy Naftali, The New America Foundation


Panel 59: Neoliberalism and Third World Politics in the late Cold War

Chair: David Engerman, Brandeis University

The Poverty Curtain: Two Critiques of Neoliberal Diplomacy

Chris Dietrich, Fordham University

A “Program for Survival”: The Brandt Commission and Transnational Development Networking in the 1970s

Victor Nemchenok, University of Virginia

From Extraterritoriality to Special Economic Zones: The Decline of Anti-Imperialism and the Reconstruction of Global Capital Markets

Chris Miller, Yale University

Comment: Amy Offner, University of Pennsylvania


Panel 60: Humanitarian Diplomacy in the World War I Era

Chair: Julia F. Irwin, University of South Florida

A New Benevolent Empire: Immigration and War Relief at the American Century’s Dawn

Stephen R. Porter, University of Cincinnati

Diplomacy of Neutrality: Politics of American Humanitarian Relief in Ottoman Beirut, 1914-1918

Melanie Schulze Tanielian, University of Michigan

The Warfare of Relief: How the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society Reached Jewish War Sufferers during World War I

Jaclyn Granick, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Comment: Julia F. Irwin


Panel 61: The American Way of Law in War from Korea to Vietnam

Chair: Sarah Snyder, University College London

Bombing Civilians after World War II: The Persistence of Norms against Targeting Civilians in the Korean War

Sahr Conway-Lanz, Yale University Library

Crisis Precedes Transformation: International Law and U.S. Intervention in the Dominican Republic, 1965

Brian Cuddy, Cornell University

The Conviction of William Calley: American Public Opinion and International Rules of War

Christine Lamberson, Angelo State University

Comment: Mary L. Dudziak, Emory University School of Law


Panel 62: African Americans, Diplomacy, and International Relations

Chair: Adriane Lentz-Smith, Duke University

“The Importantly Dual Task”: Flemmie Kittrell, Edith Sampson, and Dorothy Ferebee’s Travels for the U.S. State Department

Brandy S. Thomas, Ohio State University

Italy, African-American Internationalism and Revolutionary Cuba, 1960s and 1970s

Alberto Benvenuti, University of Florence

Congressional Leadership and the U.S. Approach to African Affairs: Charles C. Diggs

Brenda Gayle Plummer, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Race Diplomacy: African Americans and the Racial Roots of American Cultural Diplomacy

Athan Biss, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Comment: Adriane Lentz-Smith


Panel 63: Borders, Camps, and Streets: Debating Citizenship and Foreign Policy

Chair: Lorena Oropeza; University of California, Davis

Stand Up and Be Counted: Citizenship, Masculinity and Japanese American Incarceration

Terumi Rafferty-Osaki, American University

Do Not Enter (Unless We Want your Labor): Negotiating Citizenship at the U.S.-Mexico Border

Mary E. Mendoza, University of California, Davis

The Right to Speak: Citizenship, Dissent, and Nixon’s Vietnam War

Sarah Thelen, American University

Holocaust Angst: The Federal Republic of Germany and Holocaust Memory in the United States

Jacob S. Eder, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena

SHAFR Global Scholars Grant Award Winner

Panelist has been awarded funding by the Membership and Program Committees as part of the SHAFR Global Scholars Initiative.

Comment: Lorena Oropeza


LUNCHEON: 11:00 AM – 1:00 PM, Salon 4

Pre-registration and tickets required.

Legacy vs. Access?: The Challenges of Researching Presidential History

Timothy J. Naftali, National Security Studies Program, New America Foundation

Former Director, Nixon Presidential Library


Session VII: 1:00-3:00 PM (Panels 64-74)


Panel 64: Roundtable: The 35th Anniversary of Orientalism and Edward Said’s Legacy on U.S. Diplomatic History

Chair: Doug Little, Clark University

Waleed Hazbun, American University of Beirut

Maurice Jr. Labelle, University of Saskatchewan

Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, Ohio State University

John Munro, St. Mary’s University


Panel 65: Reimagining the Monroe Doctrine

Chair: Serge Richard, Sorbonne Nouvelle (University of Paris III)

The Greek War of Independence, the Monroe Doctrine and the Birth of the Clash of Civilizations Theory

Karine Walther, Georgetown School of Foreign Service – Qatar

“Careful not to adopt or endorse all the opinions of President Washington”: Washington’s Farewell Address, Monroe’s Doctrine, and the Battle over Foreign Policy Ideals in the 1840s

Jeffrey Malanson, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne

Old Colossus, New Colossus: Patterns of Slavery Interests in American Civil-War Era Hegemony

Steven Heath Mitton, Utah State University

Comment: Jay Sexton, Corpus Christi College, Oxford University


Panel 66: Capturing the Second Sun: Atoms for Peace in the Global Context

Chair: Peter Kuznick, American University

Blessing of Atomic Energy: The Japanese Embrace of Atoms for Peace as a Resource of U.S. Public Diplomacy

Yuka Tsuchiya, Ehime University

Nukes Down Under: Turning Atoms for Peace into Weapons for War

Mick Broaderick, Murdoch University

The Atoms for Peace Exhibition in Hiroshima

Ran Zwigenberg, City University of New York

For the Good of Mankind: American Atomic Age Diplomacy in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

Jessica A. Schwartz, Columbia University

Comment: Peter Kuznick


Panel 67: Roundtable: Teaching Statesmanship to Statesmen

Chair: Aaron O’Connell, United States Naval Academy

Charles Edel, United States Naval War College

Francis Gavin, University of Texas at Austin

Helen Anderson, Naval Postgraduate School

Mary Habeck, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Jeffrey A. Engel, Southern Methodist University


Panel 68: U.S. Conservatives in the Global Cold War: The American Right and the World, 1939-1972

Chair: T. Christopher Jespersen, University of North Georgia

America’s Leading Anti-“Consensus” Cold Warrior: Herbert Hoover and Cold War America’s Rise in the World, 1939-1965

Kevin Y. Kim, Stanford University

Defending the Empire: Conservatives Supporting the Vietnam War

Seth Offenbach, Bronx Community College

Searching for the Center: Youth Politics and Richard Nixon’s Foreign Policy, 1968-1972

Seth Blumenthal, Boston University


Panel 69: America and Africa: The Unconventional Diplomacy of the U.S. in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1949-1963

Comment: Jason Parker, Texas A&M University

American Race Relations & Sub-Saharan Africa: Truman’s Fourth Point and the Technical Cooperation Administration, 1949-1953

Hannah Higgin, University of Cambridge

The Gospel of Stability: The Eisenhower Presidency, Cultural Assistance and Education in Africa and the Third World, 1953-1961

Frank Gerits, European University Institute

Mali: A Distant Front in the Soviet-American Cold War and the Frontline of the Franco-American Cold War

Philip Muehlenbeck, George Washington University

Kennedy, Teachers and the Peace Corps in East Africa, 1961-1963

Timothy A. Nicholson, State University of New York at Delhi

Comment: Jason Parker


Panel 70: New Looks on U.S.-South Vietnamese Relations: Politics, Society, and Culture in the Vietnam War

Chair: Robert Brigham, Vassar College

“These Goodies Haunt Your Mind”: Consumer Culture and Resistance to American Nation-Building in South Vietnam, 1963-1975

Helen Pho, University of Texas, Austin

The Brothel Debate: American Policy and the Making of Love and War in Vietnam

Amanda Boczar, University of Kentucky

Winning “a bit too well”: Nixon, Thieu, and the 1971 South Vietnamese Presidential Elections

Sean Fear, Cornell University

Comment: Jessica Chapman, Williams College


Panel 71: Trouble in the Homeland: Central & East European Migrants and U.S. Foreign Policy

Chair: Berthold Molden, University of Vienna & University of New Orleans

Transatlantic Perspectives on the “Slovak Question,” 1914 to 1948

Michael Cude, University of Colorado-Boulder

Imagined and Contested: Brotherhood, Unity, and the “Yugoslavia Idea” in Cold War America

Louie Milojevic, American University

“Captive Nations”: A Propaganda Concept or a Political Lobby?

Anna Mazurkiewicz, University of Gdansk & State University of New York at Buffalo

Comment: Günter Bischof, University of New Orleans


Panel 72: Human Rights in the Long 1960s

Chair: William I. Hitchcock, University of Virginia

“At Home and Around the World”: Kennedy’s Commitment to Human Rights

Sarah B. Snyder, University College London

The Breakthrough Decade? International Human Rights Diplomacy and Law in the 1960s

Steven Jensen, University of Copenhagen & Danish Institute for Human Rights

Rights, Decolonization, and Daniel Patrick Moynihan

Ryan M. Irwin, University at Albany-SUNY

Comment: Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne


Panel 73: Sovereignty Diffused, Power Transformed? International Relations in the 1970s

Chair: Thomas “Tim” Borstelmann, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Oil and Global Power in the 1970s

Victor McFarland, Yale University

Human Rights, Permeability, and Peace in the 1970s

Michael Morgan, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Managing Interdependence, Making Globalization?

Daniel Sargent, University of California, Berkeley

Petrodollar Promise and Peril: The Middle East Economy and Changing American Conceptions of Power in the 1970s

David Wight, University of California, Irvine

Comment: Thomas “Tim” Borstelmann


Panel 74: Global Midwest: Writing the American Heartland into U.S. Foreign Relations

Chair: Christopher Endy, California State University, Los Angeles

The Routes of the Modern American Empire: Reconsidering William Appleman Williams through the Case of the Berkshire Hog

Kristin Hoganson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

“Clevelander Quits U.S. for Africa”: Garveyism and the History of the Diasporic Midwest

Erik S. McDuffie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nationwide is on Your Side in Delhi: Capitalism and Cooperation in International Development during the Cold War

Nicole Sackley, University of Richmond

Comment: Christopher Endy


BREAK: 3:00-3:30 PM

Coffee and light refreshments served in the reception area.


Session VIII: 3:30 – 5:30 PM (Panels 75-84)


Panel 75: Rivalry and Challenges on the Edges of Empire

Chair: James Hershberg, George Washington University

The Limits of Cooperation: Anglo-American Relations in the Arabian Peninsula in the 1960s

Helene von Bismarck, Independent Scholar

P.R. on the Periphery: Cold War Public Diplomacy Rivalries during the Imperial Transition

Jason Parker, Texas A&M University

Anglo-American Wartime Competition in Latin America Revisited: Global Communications, Signals Intelligence and World War II

Jonathan Reed Winkler, Wright State University

Comment: Steven Galpern, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State


Panel 76: Releasing State Secrets: A Roundtable Discussion on the Department of State’s Declassification Program

Chair: William P. Fischer, Chief, Systematic Review Program, U.S. Department of State

Jeff Charlston, Chief, Paper Review Branch, Systematic Review Program, U.S. Department of State

Carl Ashley, Chief, Declassification and Publishing Division, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State


Panel 77: Roundtable: The Problem of Sovereignty and U.S. Foreign Relations

Chair: Brad Simpson, Princeton University

Paul Kramer, Vanderbilt University

Daniel Margolies, Virginia Wesleyan College

Daniel Immerwahr, Northwestern University

Rebecca Herman, University of California, Berkeley


Panel 78: Manly Men and Unmanly Rogues: Diplomatic Dilemmas of the Early Republic

Chair: Robert Allison, Suffolk University,

From Christiansted to Cap-Français: Edward Stevens and U.S. Diplomacy in Saint-Domingue

Ronald Angelo Johnson, Texas State University

The Quasi-War, Print Publicity, and the Politics of Slavery in the Early Republic

Wendy Helen Wong, Temple University

An Earlier Affair of the Petticoat: A U.S. Diplomatic Incident in the Barbary

Shannon Duffy, Texas State University

Comment: Robert Allison


Panel 79: The Origins of Modern American Counter-Terrorism

Chair: Timothy Naftali, New America Foundation

The Pinkerton National Detective Agency

Katherine Unterman, Texas A&M University

The FBI’s White Slave Division, 1910-1917

Jessica Pliley, Texas State University, San Marcos

International Anarchist Terrorism, 1898-1904

Mary Barton, University of Virginia

Comment: Hal Brands, Duke University


Panel 80: The U.S. & the Arab World

Chair: Salim Yaqub, University of California, Santa Barbara

U.S. Foreign Policy towards North Africa during the Cold War, 1954-1963: From Eisenhower to Kennedy

Mohieddine Hadhri ,Tunis University

The Origins of Central Command and Its Impact on America’s Relationship with the Middle East

Nathan Packard, Georgetown University

Rethinking “Armed Minorities”: How Minority Problems and Ethnic Politics Shaped the Emergence of the Cold War in the Near East

James Helicke, Ohio State University

The Emergence of the “Partnership for the 21st Century” between Washington and Ankara

Ekavi Athanassopoulou, University of Athens

Comment: Craig Daigle, City College


Panel 81: New Transnational Narratives on the Latin American Cold War

Chair: William Michael Schmidli, Bucknell University

The Transnational Latin American Origins of U.S. Human Rights Politics in the 1970s

Patrick William Kelly, University of Chicago

Transnational Activists as U.S. Foreign Policy Makers in the Salvadoran Cold War, 1981-1992

Andrea Onate, Princeton University

National Security, Individual Rights, and the Transnational Development of U.S. and Argentine Law in the 1970s

Lynsay Brooke, University of California, Berkeley

Comment: William Michael Schmidli


Panel 82: Drugs, Dictators, Spies, and Unintended Consequences: The United States and Southeast Asia

Chair: E. Shawn McHale, George Washington University

The Journey from 1909 to 1931: Southeast Asia and U.S. Efforts to Combat Opium

Anne L. Foster, Indiana State University

The United States and Burma’s Ne Win, 1948-1975

Kenton Clymer, Northern Illinois University

Inciting Violence: U.S. Covert Operations in 1964-1965 Indonesia

Laura Iandola, Northern Illinois University

Comment: David L. Anderson, California State University, Monterey Bay


Panel 83: Looking at the World: Non-State Conceptions of Internationalism in the 1930s-1950s

Chair: Kathleen Burk, University College London

Mars Attacks?: Radio Waves, a Shrinking Earth, and International Politics in a “Troublesome World”

David Ekbladh, Tufts University

American Foundations and the Global Foreign Affairs Institute Network, 1930s-1950s

Katharina Rietzler, Cambridge University

The Christian Commonwealth across the Atlantic: John Foster Dulles, Lionel Curtis, Arnold Toynbee, and the Problem of Global Peace

Bevan Sewell, University of Nottingham

The American Bar Association, Human Rights and the Post-War International Order

Hanne Hagtvedt Vik, University of Oslo

Comment: Andrew Johnstone, University of Leicester


Panel 84: The Multiplicity of Borders: Intersections of Gender, Race, and the Body in the Borders of the U.S. Empire

Chair: Marisa Belausteguigoitia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

“Small Disease-Ringed Circles”: The Medicalization of the U.S./Canadian Border, 1890-1948

Christine Peralta, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Filipina Imperial Crossings: Negotiating Migration and Identity across Racialized and Gendered Borders, 1903 to 1935

Genevieve Clutario, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The “Redemption” of Mexico: Latino Liberals and Anglo Annexationists in the 1860s

Teresa Van Hoy, St. Mary’s University

Comment: Marisa Belausteguigoitia